Journal Article
Review

Applying fault tree analysis to the prevention of wrong-site surgery.

Abecassis ZA; McElroy LM; Patel RM; Khorzad R; Carroll C IV; Mehrotra S.

This systematic review investigated root causes of wrong-site surgery and identified three vulnerabilities: transcription errors prior to surgery, intraoperative verification failures, and omitting steps in the verification process. The Universal Protocol does not mitigate these vulnerabilities, suggesting that further interventions are required to prevent wrong-site surgeries. A recent AHRQ WebM&M commentary provides an overview of wrong-site surgery and best practices to prevent it.