Journal Article
Study

'Speaking up' about patient safety concerns and unprofessional behaviour among residents: validation of two scales.

Martinez W; Etchegaray JM; Thomas EJ; Hickson GB; Lehmann LS; Schleyer AM; Best JA; Shelburne JT; May NB; Bell SK.

This study validated two new surveys for measuring aspects of safety culture that are associated with resident physicians' likelihood of speaking up about patient safety concerns and unprofessional behavior. Both scales performed well on psychometric testing. These surveys may fill current gaps in widely used assessment tools.