Out-of-hospital medication errors: a 6-year analysis of the national poison data system.
Shah K, Barker KA. Pharmacoepidemiol Drug Saf. 2009;18:1080-1085.
Recent studies have documented an increase in
emergency department visits
due to medication errors in outpatients. Such studies may be limited in their ability to provide a true picture of adverse drug events in the ambulatory setting, as the majority of medication errors are handled by
centers. This analysis of data from the National Poison Data System characterized more than 1 million out-of-hospital medication errors and found that only 7.5% required referral to a physician. Most errors involved nonprescription medications such as cough and cold medications, and
were frequently reported (similar to a
in a pediatric population). Reducing outpatient medication errors will require new approaches to
, especially in populations with low
ISMP medication error report analysis.
Smetzer JL, Cohen MR. Hosp Pharm. 2008;43:869-872.
Helping patients simplify and safely use complex prescription regimens.
Wolf MS, Curtis LM, Waite K, et al. Arch Intern Med. 2011;171:300-305.
Unintentional therapeutic errors involving insulin in the ambulatory setting reported to poison centers.
Spiller HA, Borys DJ, Ryan ML, Sawyer TS, Wilson BL. Ann Pharmacother. 2011;45:17-22.
Inadequate health literacy among paid caregivers of seniors.
Lindquist LA, Jain N, Tam K, Martin GJ, Baker DW. J Gen Intern Med. 2011;26:474-479.
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