A new federal initiative, the Partnership for Patients, will invest approximately $1 billion in an effort to decrease preventable harm in U.S. hospitals. Its emphasis on partnerships (between government, provider organizations, payers, and patients) echoes certain Institute for Healthcare Improvement (IHI) campaigns, developed by Medicare director Dr. Donald Berwick while he led IHI. Although the Affordable Care Act mandates a number of payment changes and public reporting initiatives to catalyze safety and quality improvements, the Partnership focuses on skill building, demonstration projects, and collaboratives. It sets two ambitious goals: a 40% reduction in preventable harm in U.S. hospitals and a 20% reduction in preventable readmissions, each by 2013. In this way, the Partnership builds on the recent trend of emphasizing the reduction in preventable harm, rather than a reduction in errors, as the target of patient safety efforts. AHRQ WebM&M featured an interview with Dr. Berwick in 2005.