Classification of adverse events occurring in a surgical intensive care unit.
Frankel H, Sperry J, Kaplan L, Foley A, Rabinovici R. Am J Surg. 2007;194:328-332.
This retrospective cohort study evaluated the incidence of preventable harm and mortality in surgical intensive care patients and trauma patients. While mortality was higher in the intensive care patients, both mortality and complications were deemed less likely to be preventable or directly attributable to provider actions.
Impact of resident participation in surgical operations on postoperative outcomes: National Surgical Quality Improvement Program.
Kiran RP, Ahmed Ali U, Coffey JC, Vogel JD, Pokala N, Fazio VW. Ann Surg. 2012;256:469-475.
Iatrogenic events resulting in intensive care admission: frequency, cause, and disclosure to patients and institutions.
Lehmann LS, Puopolo AL, Shaykevich S, Brennan TA. Am J Med. 2005;118:409-413.
Applicability of Healthcare Failure Mode and Effects Analysis to healthcare epidemiology: evaluation of the sterilization and use of surgical instruments.
Linkin DR, Sausman C, Santos L, et al. Clin Infect Dis. 2005;41:1014-1019.
Relationship between patient complaints and surgical complications.
Murff HJ, France DJ, Blackford J, et al. Qual Saf Health Care. 2006;15:13-16.
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