Classification of adverse events occurring in a surgical intensive care unit.
Frankel H, Sperry J, Kaplan L, Foley A, Rabinovici R. Am J Surg. 2007;194:328-332.
This retrospective cohort study evaluated the incidence of preventable harm and mortality in surgical intensive care patients and trauma patients. While mortality was higher in the intensive care patients, both mortality and complications were deemed less likely to be preventable or directly attributable to provider actions.
Impact of resident participation in surgical operations on postoperative outcomes: National Surgical Quality Improvement Program.
Kiran RP, Ahmed Ali U, Coffey JC, Vogel JD, Pokala N, Fazio VW. Ann Surg. 2012;256:469-475.
Retained surgical items: a problem yet to be solved.
Stawicki SP, Moffatt-Bruce SD, Ahmed HM, et al. J Am Coll Surg. 2013;216:15-22.
Nature, causes and consequences of unintended events in surgical units.
van Wagtendonk I, Smits M, Merten H, Heetveld MJ, Wagner C. Br J Surg. 2010;97:1730-1740.
Iatrogenic events resulting in intensive care admission: frequency, cause, and disclosure to patients and institutions.
Lehmann LS, Puopolo AL, Shaykevich S, Brennan TA. Am J Med. 2005;118:409-413.
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