Journal Article

Application of surgical safety standards to robotic surgery: five principles of ethics for nonmaleficence.

Larson JA, Johnson MH, Bhayani SB. Journal of the American College of Surgeons. 2014;218:290-3.

This commentary explores the relationship between surgical proficiency and competency and highlights challenges to safe robotic surgery due to learning curves. The authors explain five principles for guiding the practice to reduce the potential for preventable patient harm.