Journal Article
Review

Associations of workflow disruptions in the operating room with surgical outcomes: a systematic review and narrative synthesis.

Koch A, Burns J, Catchpole K, et al. BMJ Qual Saf. 2020.

This systematic review evaluated the relationships between intraoperative flow disruptions (eg, interruptions, equipment malfunctions, unexpected patient conditions) and provider, surgical process, and patient outcomes. On average, 20.5% of operating time was attributed to flow disruptions and these disruptions were either negatively or not substantially associated with surgical outcomes. The authors observed substantial heterogeneity of the evidence base and provided recommendations for future research on the effects of flow disruptions in surgery.