Journal Article
Study

Defining near misses: towards a sharpened definition based on empirical data about error handling processes.

Kessels-Habraken M, Van der Schaaf T, De Jonge J, et al. Social science & medicine (1982). 2010;70:1301-8.

This study describes two suggested definitions of near misses and highlights how their application in incident reporting systems could result in more near misses being reported, greater prevention of errors causing harm, and improved safety culture.