Disclosing adverse events to patients: international norms and trends.
Based on a series of international expert meetings, this qualitative analysis identified key challenges in error disclosure: policy implementation, patient expectations, confidentiality and legal privilege, aligning disclosure with liability, and documenting and tracking disclosure. These barriers suggest that multiple actions are needed to bolster disclosure efforts. The authors advocate for collaboration between health systems and policymakers, enhanced patient and provider education to foster a blame-free safety culture, and establishment of standard metrics to document and benchmark disclosure across institutions. In a past AHRQ WebM&M perspective, Dr. Albert Wu discussed the importance of disclosing adverse events.