Journal Article

The effect of cognitive debiasing training among family medicine residents.

Smith BW, Slack MB. Diagnosis (Berlin, Germany). 2015;2:117-121.

This educational intervention taught family medicine residents metacognition and debiasing strategies. Investigators found no change in attending–resident diagnostic agreement, recognition of cognitive bias risk, or attendings' perception of unrecognized cognitive bias. Participants were better able to form a plan to mitigate a cognitive bias. This work demonstrates some effectiveness and significant limitations of cognitive training as a way to augment diagnostic accuracy.