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Eliminating explicit and implicit biases in health care: evidence and research needs.

Vela MB, Erondu AI, Smith NA, et al. Eliminating Explicit and Implicit Biases in Health Care: Evidence and Research Needs. Annu Rev Public Health. Epub 2022 Jan 13. doi: 10.1146/annurev-publhealth-052620-103528.

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February 23, 2022
Vela MB, Erondu AI, Smith NA, et al. Annu Rev Public Health. 2022;43(1).

Implicit biases among healthcare providers can contribute to poor decision-making and impede safe, effective care. This systematic review assessed the efficacy of interventions designed to reduce explicit and implicit biases among healthcare providers and students. The researchers found that many interventions can increase awareness of implicit biases among participants, but no intervention achieved sustained reduction of implicit biases. The authors propose a conceptual model illustrating interactions between structural determinants (e.g., social determinants of health, language concordance, biased learning environments) and provider implicit bias.

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Vela MB, Erondu AI, Smith NA, et al. Eliminating Explicit and Implicit Biases in Health Care: Evidence and Research Needs. Annu Rev Public Health. Epub 2022 Jan 13. doi: 10.1146/annurev-publhealth-052620-103528.