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Review

Failed spinal anaesthesia: mechanisms, management, and prevention.

Fettes PDW, Jansson J-R, Wildsmith JAW. Failed spinal anaesthesia: mechanisms, management, and prevention. Br J Anaesth. 2009;102(6):739-48. doi:10.1093/bja/aep096.

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July 8, 2009
Fettes PDW, Jansson J-R, Wildsmith JAW. Br J Anaesth. 2009;102(6):739-48.

This review surveys common risks involved with spinal anesthesia and describes strategies to minimize errors and address failures when they occur.

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Fettes PDW, Jansson J-R, Wildsmith JAW. Failed spinal anaesthesia: mechanisms, management, and prevention. Br J Anaesth. 2009;102(6):739-48. doi:10.1093/bja/aep096.