Journal Article

Gender-based differences in surgical residents' perceptions of patient safety, continuity of care, and well-being: an analysis from the Flexibility in Duty Hour Requirements for Surgical Trainees (FIRST) trial.

Ban KA, Chung JW, Matulewicz RS, et al. Journal of the American College of Surgeons. 2016;224.

Analyzing data from a prior trial of flexible versus traditional duty hours, this study found that female residents perceived patient safety as worse than male residents. Changes in duty hours had mixed effects on these self-reported outcomes and seemed to exacerbate gender differences. The authors recommend further study to determine how to improve learning for trainees regardless of gender.