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Journal Article
Review

Guidelines for opioid prescribing in children and adolescents after surgery: an expert panel opinion.

Kelley-Quon LI, Kirkpatrick MG, Ricca RL, et al. JAMA Surg. 2020;Epub Nov 1.

Opioid misuse is an urgent patient safety issue, including postsurgical opioid misuse among pediatric patients. Based on the systematic review, a multidisciplinary group of health care and opioid stewardship experts proposes evidence-based opioid prescribing guidelines for children who need surgery. Endorsed guideline statements highlight three primary themes for perioperative pain management in children: (1) health care professionals must recognize the risks of pediatric opioid misuse, (2) use non-opioid pain relief, and (3) pre- and post-operative education for patients and families regarding pain management and safe opioid use.