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PSNet: Patient Safety Network
Journal Article
Study

Health care-associated infections among critically ill children in the US, 2013-2018.

Hsu HE, Mathew R, Wang R, et al. JAMA Pediatr. 2020;Epub Oct 6.

Catheter-associated urinary tract infections (CAUTI) and central catheter-associated blood stream infections (CLABSI), are common complications in hospitalized patients, particularly among critically-ill children. Using surveillance data from January 2013 to June 2018, the authors did not identify any significant changes in CLABSI rates in NICUs or PICUs.  These trends indicate that past gains in CLABSI rates have held, without evidence of further improvement.  The authors noted modest improvements in CAUTI rates, observing a significant decrease in CAUTI rates in the PICU, corresponding with a significant decrease in indwelling urinary catheter use.