Journal Article

The "hidden curriculum" and residents' attitudes about medical error disclosure: comparison of surgical and nonsurgical residents.

Martinez W, Lehmann LS. Journal of the American College of Surgeons. 2013;217:1145-50.

Compared with residents in other fields, surgery residents were more likely to report witnessing a punitive response to medical errors and were less likely to feel comfortable openly discussing errors with team members. These findings imply that the culture of safety in surgical residency programs may be lacking.