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PSNet: Patient Safety Network
Journal Article
Study

Impact of opioid administration in the intensive care unit and subsequent use in opioid-naïve patients.

Krancevich NM, Belfer JJ, Draper HM, et al. Ann Pharmacother. 2021;Epub May 18.

Prescribing opioids to opioid-naïve patients after hospital discharge may lead to chronic use. This study evaluated long-term opioid use among patients admitted directly to the ICU and who received intravenous opioids. While long-term opioid use was more common among patients who received an opioid prescription at discharge, the authors did not find a significant relationship between ICU opioid prescribing in opioid-naïve patients and long-term opioid use. The authors suggest future research focus on transitions from hospital to home or other post-acute sites to reduce inappropriate opioid use.