Journal Article
Study

The impact of sleep deprivation on product quality and procedure effectiveness in a laparoscopic physical simulator: a randomized controlled trial.  

Uchal M, Tjugum J, Martinsen E, et al. The American Journal of Surgery. 2005;189.

This article analyzed the effect of sleep deprivation on surgical task performance using a laparoscopic simulator. Outcomes were not significantly different for surgeons with 1.5 hours of sleep compared with 6.5 hours of sleep in the 24 hours before the test.