Journal Article
Review

The influence of stress responses on surgical performance and outcomes: literature review and the development of the surgical stress effects (SSE) framework.

Chrouser KL, Xu J, Hallbeck S, et al. American journal of surgery. 2018;216:573-584.

Stressful clinician interactions can diminish the teamwork required to support safe care. This review describes a framework for guiding understanding of how behavioral and emotional responses can affect team behavior, performance, and patient outcomes in the surgical setting. The authors recommend areas of research required to fully understand the phenomenon.