Journal Article
Study

Infrequent physician use of implantable cardioverter-defibrillators risks patient safety.

Lyman S, Sedrakyan A, Do H, Razzano R, Mushlin AI. Heart (British Cardiac Society). 2011;97:1655-60.

This study found evidence of a volume–outcome relationship for implantable cardioverter-defibrillator (ICD) placement. Physicians who performed only one or fewer ICD implantations per year had a significantly higher risk of complications.