Journal Article
Study

The occurrence of wrong-site surgery self-reported by candidates for certification by the American Board of Orthopaedic Surgery.

James MA; Seiler JG 3rd; Harrast JJ; Emery SE; Hurwitz S.

This study found that wrong-site surgeries continued to occur despite adoption of "Sign Your Site" initiatives and implementation of a Universal Protocol. The most common errors reported were related to wrong-level spine surgery.