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PSNet: Patient Safety Network
Journal Article

Opioid-related critical care resource use in US children's hospitals.

Kane JM, Colvin JD, Bartlett AH, et al. Pediatrics. 2018;141(4):e20173335.

Opioid-related harm is a widely recognized patient safety concern. This study retrospectively examined critical care unit hospitalizations for opioid ingestions among children between 2004 and 2015. Over this period, hospitalizations for opioid ingestion increased dramatically, and nearly half led to critical care unit admission. Although the mortality rate for pediatric opioid ingestion was 1.6%, more than one-third of cases required mechanical ventilation. The authors call for stronger efforts to address the impact of the opioid epidemic on children. A previous PSNet interview discussed factors that contributed to the increase in opioid-related harm and strategies to address this growing patient safety concern.