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PSNet: Patient Safety Network
Journal Article

Readmission after delayed diagnosis of surgical site infection: a focus on prevention using the American College of Surgeons National Surgical Quality Improvement Program.

Gibson A, Tevis S, Kennedy G. American journal of surgery. 2014;207:832-9.

The National Surgical Quality Improvement Program (NSQIP) was developed to monitor and enhance the quality of surgical care. This retrospective study used the NSQIP indicators to identify cases of surgical site infections. Researchers found that nearly 50% of patients were diagnosed following hospital discharge, and many of these infections led to readmissions. Patients who presented with a surgical site infection after discharge were less likely to smoke or have chronic cardiopulmonary illness. The authors suggest that closer postdischarge follow-up might have prevented some readmissions they identified. However, prior studies did not show a benefit to early follow-up. A past AHRQ WebM&M commentary discussed environmental safety in the operating room and its relationship to surgical site infections.