Resident participation does not affect surgical outcomes, despite introduction of new techniques.
Do resident physicians contribute disproportionately to medical errors? The evidence is mixed, despite the longstanding concern about a purported increase in errors in July, when most new residents start their training. This study compared complication rates in breast reduction surgery between surgical residents and an attending physician, and found no evidence of increased complications in procedures performed primarily by residents with close attending supervision. However, poor supervision of residents has resulted in substandard care in other settings.