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Safer delivery of surgical services: a programme of controlled before-and-after intervention studies with pre-planned pooled data analysis.

Health Services and Delivery Research. 2016;[Epub ahead of print].

This publication reports five British hospitals' experiences with teamwork interventions in surgical teams. Although teamwork training alone improved how teams functioned, it did not always enhance clinical performance. The investigators found that integrated training that combines technical and social improvements, such as Lean, resulted in more effective improvements.