Journal Article

Same behavior, different provider: American medical students' attitudes toward reporting risky behaviors committed by doctors, nurses, and classmates.

Aggarwal S, Kheriaty A. AJOB empirical bioethics. 2018;9:12-18.

Hierarchy in medical settings has been shown to prevent health care workers from speaking up, which can compromise patient safety. In this survey study, researchers found that medical students were most likely to report or approach a classmate regarding risky or inappropriate behavior, followed by nurses, and then physicians, suggesting that hierarchy continues to place patients at risk.