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PSNet: Patient Safety Network
Journal Article

Sitters as a patient safety strategy to reduce hospital falls: a systematic review.

Greeley AM, Tanner EP, Mak S, et al. Ann Intern Med. 2020.
This systematic review identified 20 articles assessing the effectiveness of bedside “sitters,”used for agitated patients who appear to be at high fall risk.. In general, the researchers found very-low-certainty evidence that sitters reduce fall risk in acute care hospitals and only moderate-certainty that alternatives (e.g., video monitoring) can reduce sitter use without increasing fall risk, suggesting that sitters are not as useful as initially believed. All included studies had a least one methodological limitation (such as not defining what consisted a fall, lack of outcome assessor blinding).