Sleep and alertness in a duty-hour flexibility trial in internal medicine.
This cluster-randomized trial compared an internal medicine residency schedule that adhered to 2011 duty hour regulations to a flexible schedule that maintained an overall 80-hour work week. Self-reported sleepiness and measured sleep duration did not differ by group, but residents in the flexible programs performed worse on psychomotor vigilance testing, a measure of alertness. The authors recommend implementing fatigue-management training during residency.
Basner M, Asch DA, Shea JA, et al; iCOMPARE Research Group. N Engl J Med. 2019;380:915-923.