Journal Article
Study

A survey of the use of time-out protocols in emergency medicine.

Kelly JJ, Farley H, O'Cain C, et al. Joint Commission journal on quality and patient safety. 2011;37:285-8.

This survey of emergency medicine physician leaders found that more than 10% were unaware that the Universal Protocol, which requires a time-out before any invasive procedure, also applies to procedures performed in the emergency department.