Journal Article
Study

Systematic video game training in surgical novices improves performance in virtual reality endoscopic surgical simulators: a prospective randomized study.

Schlickum MK, Hedman L, Enochsson L, et al. World journal of surgery. 2009;33:2360-7.

This randomized controlled trial found that medical students assigned to an intensive regimen of playing "shooter" video games demonstrated significantly superior endoscopic abilities than students who merely played a computer chess game. This study builds on a growing body of research on the importance of video games in surgical training.