Perspectives on Safety
Narrow Results Clear All
- Communication Improvement 42
- Culture of Safety 50
Education and Training
- Students 4
Error Reporting and Analysis
- Error Analysis 30
- Human Factors Engineering 30
Legal and Policy Approaches
- Regulation 15
- Logistical Approaches 23
- Policies and Operations 1
- Quality Improvement Strategies 94
- Specialization of Care 6
- Teamwork 17
- Clinical Information Systems 29
- Alert fatigue 3
- Device-related Complications 7
- Diagnostic Errors 21
- Discontinuities, Gaps, and Hand-Off Problems 15
- Fatigue and Sleep Deprivation 12
- Identification Errors 2
- Delirium 3
- Medication Errors/Preventable Adverse Drug Events 13
- Nonsurgical Procedural Complications 5
- Psychological and Social Complications 15
- Surgical Complications 20
- Dentistry 2
- Gynecology 53
- Surgery 15
- Nursing 11
- Pharmacy 10
- Family Members and Caregivers 6
- Health Care Executives and Administrators 200
Health Care Providers
- Nurses 6
- Physicians 25
Non-Health Care Professionals
- Educators 30
- Media 1
- Patients 7
Nursing and Patient Safety, March 2018
Dr. Aiken is Claire M. Fagin Leadership Professor of Nursing, Professor of Sociology, and Director of the Center for Health Outcomes and Policy Research at University of Pennsylvania. She is generally considered the nation's foremost expert on health policy as it relates to the nursing workforce. We spoke with her about how nurse staffing and the work environment can affect patient safety and outcomes.
with commentary by Jane Ball, PhD, and Peter Griffiths, PhD, Nursing and Patient Safety, March 2018
This piece explores how missed nursing care may explain the association between low nurse staffing levels and increased mortality in hospital patients.
with commentary by Sumant Ranji, MD, 2017
A considerable body of evidence demonstrates worsened clinical outcomes for patients admitted to the hospital on weekends compared to those admitted on weekdays. This Annual Perspective summarizes innovative studies published in 2017 that helped clarify the magnitude of this effect and identify possible mechanisms by which it occurs.
with commentary by Rachel J. Stern, MD, and Urmimala Sarkar, MD, 2017
Patient engagement in safety has evolved from obscurity to maturity over the past two decades. This Annual Perspective highlights emerging approaches to engaging patients and caregivers in safety efforts, including novel technological innovations, and summarizes the existing evidence on the efficacy of such approaches.
Clinical Documentation in the Modern Era, January 2018
Dr. Hirschtick is Associate Professor of Medicine at Northwestern Medicine, and the author of a number of prominent articles—many quite amusing—about the changes in medical practice wrought by information technology. We spoke with him about what it means to be a clinician in the modern era, particularly how digitization of health records has affected clinicians' notes.
with commentary by Shannon M. Dean, MD, Clinical Documentation in the Modern Era, January 2018
This piece explores concerns regarding the use of copy and paste in electronic health records and offers potential strategies to improve clinical documentation accuracy.
Surgical Safety, December 2017
Dr. Bilimoria is the Director of the Surgical Outcomes and Quality Improvement Center of Northwestern University, which focuses on national, regional, and local quality improvement research and practical initiatives. He is also the Director of the Illinois Surgical Quality Improvement Collaborative and a Faculty Scholar at the American College of Surgeons. In the second part of a two-part interview (the earlier one concerned residency duty hours), we spoke with him about quality and safety in surgery.
with commentary by Robert M. Wachter, MD, Surgical Safety, December 2017
This piece explores progress of patient safety in the surgical field and where further improvement can be made, such as ongoing assessment of procedural skills along with video recording and review of surgical procedures.
Patient-facing Technologies: Opportunities and Challenges for Patient Safety, November 2017
Wanda Pratt is a professor in the Information School and an adjunct in Biomedical and Health Informatics in the School of Medicine at the University of Washington. We spoke with her about patient-facing technologies, including the opportunities and challenges for patient safety.
with commentary by Ronen Rozenblum, MD, MPH, and David Bates, MD, MS, Patient-facing Technologies: Opportunities and Challenges for Patient Safety, November 2017
This piece explores how patient-facing technologies can enable patients to be more responsible for their care and improve the way clinicians practice.
Presenteeism: A Patient Safety Challenge, October 2017
Dr. Starke is Professor of Pediatrics–Infectious Disease at Baylor College of Medicine and previously served as Infection Control Officer at Texas Children's Hospital. We spoke with him about "presenteeism" (coming to work while ill) in health care and its impact on provider and patient safety.
with commentary by Julia E. Szymczak, PhD, Presenteeism: A Patient Safety Challenge, October 2017
This piece explores the risks of presenteeism among health care workers and factors, such as cultural expectations, that contribute to its occurrence.
Health Information Technology and Safety, September 2017
Dr. Gettinger is the Chief Medical Information Officer and the Executive Director of the Office of Clinical Quality and Safety for the Office of the National Coordinator (ONC). He led the development of an electronic health record (EHR) system at Dartmouth and was the senior physician leader during their transition to a vendor-based EHR. We spoke with him about safety and health information technology.
with commentary by Dean F. Sittig, PhD, and Hardeep Singh, MD, MPH, Health Information Technology and Safety, September 2017
This piece highlights four key lessons that the authors believe are useful for clinicians and health care organizations that seek to identify, prevent, and mitigate electronic health record–related safety issues.
Resident Duty Hours Policy Changes, August 2017
Dr. Bilimoria is the Director of the Surgical Outcomes and Quality Improvement Center of Northwestern University. He is the principal investigator of the Flexibility in Duty Hour Requirements for Surgical Trainees (FIRST) trial and a Faculty Scholar at the American College of Surgeons. We spoke with him about the FIRST trial, which examined how less restrictive duty hours affected patient outcomes and resident satisfaction. Its results informed recent changes to duty hour policies.
with commentary by Kathy Malloy; Timothy P. Brigham, PhD; Thomas J. Nasca, MD, Resident Duty Hours Policy Changes, August 2017
This piece reviews how changes to the ACGME requirements emphasize patient safety and quality improvement, address physician well-being, strengthen expectations around team-based care, and create flexibility for work hours within the maximum 80-hour workweek.
Legal Issues and Patient Safety, July 2017
Michelle Mello is Professor of Law at Stanford Law School and Professor of Health Research and Policy at Stanford University School of Medicine. She conducts empirical research into issues at the intersection of law, ethics, and health policy. We spoke with her about legal issues in patient safety.
with commentary by David Studdert, LLB, ScD, Legal Issues and Patient Safety, July 2017
This piece explores the risk of recurring medicolegal events among providers who have received unsolicited patient complaints, faced disciplinary actions by medical boards, or accumulated malpractice claims.
The Weekend Effect, June 2017
Professor Aylin is Professor of Epidemiology and Public Health at Imperial College London. We spoke with him about the weekend effect in health care—the observation that patients admitted to the hospital over the weekend often have worse outcomes than those admitted during the week.
with commentary by Vanessa K. Martin, DO, MS; Nasim Mirnateghi, PhD; and Mahdi Khoshchehreh, MD, MS, The Weekend Effect, June 2017
This piece explores the weekend effect in cardiology and recommends allowing invasive management for patients with non ST-elevation myocardial infarction to improve outcomes in this group.