Perspectives on Safety
Narrow Results Clear All
- Communication Improvement 3
- Culture of Safety 3
Education and Training
- Students 1
- Error Reporting and Analysis 6
- Legal and Policy Approaches 1
- Logistical Approaches 1
- Quality Improvement Strategies 6
- Research Directions 1
- Technologic Approaches 4
- Alert fatigue 1
- Diagnostic Errors 2
- Discontinuities, Gaps, and Hand-Off Problems 1
- Medication Safety 3
- Nonsurgical Procedural Complications 1
- Psychological and Social Complications 5
- Surgical Complications 1
with commentary by Audrey Lyndon, RN, PhD, 2018
This perspective examines the troubling decline in maternal health outcomes in the United States and summarizes recent national initiatives to improve safety in maternity care.
with commentary by Rachel J. Stern, MD, and Urmimala Sarkar, MD, 2018
Patient engagement is widely acknowledged as a cornerstone of patient safety. Research in 2018 demonstrates that patient engagement, when done correctly, can help health care systems identify safety hazards, regain trust after they occur, and codesign sustainable solutions.
with commentary by Sumant Ranji, MD, 2017
A considerable body of evidence demonstrates worsened clinical outcomes for patients admitted to the hospital on weekends compared to those admitted on weekdays. This Annual Perspective summarizes innovative studies published in 2017 that helped clarify the magnitude of this effect and identify possible mechanisms by which it occurs.
with commentary by Rachel J. Stern, MD, and Urmimala Sarkar, MD, 2017
Patient engagement in safety has evolved from obscurity to maturity over the past two decades. This Annual Perspective highlights emerging approaches to engaging patients and caregivers in safety efforts, including novel technological innovations, and summarizes the existing evidence on the efficacy of such approaches.
with commentary by Sumant Ranji, MD, 2016
The toll of medical errors is often expressed in terms of mortality attributable to patient safety problems. In 2016, there was considerable debate regarding the number of patients who die due to medical errors. This Annual Perspective explores the methodological approaches to estimating mortality attributable to preventable adverse events and discusses the benefits and limitations of existing approaches.
with commentary by Urmimala Sarkar, MD, and Kaveh Shojania, MD, 2016
Opioids are known to be high risk medications, and concerns about patient harm from prescription opioid misuse have been increasing in the United States. This Annual Perspective summarizes research published in 2016 that explored the extent of harm from their use, described problematic prescribing practices that likely contribute to adverse events, and demonstrated some promising practices to foster safer opioid use.
with commentary by Kiran Gupta, MD, MPH, and Audrey Lyndon, PhD, 2016
Root cause analysis is widely accepted as a key component of patient safety programs. In 2016, the literature outlined ongoing problems with the root cause analysis process and shed light on opportunities to improve its application in health care. This Annual Perspective reviews concerns about the root cause analysis process and highlights recommendations for improvement put forth by the National Patient Safety Foundation.
with commentary by Christopher Moriates, MD, and Robert M. Wachter, MD, 2015
While the patient safety world has largely embraced the concept of a just culture for many years, in 2015 the discussion moved toward tackling some of the specifics and many gray areas that must be addressed to realize this ideal. This Annual Perspective reviews the context of the "no blame" movement and the recent shift toward a framework of a just culture, which incorporates appropriate accountability in health care.
with commentary by Audrey Lyndon, PhD, 2015
Clinician burnout is prevalent across health care settings and may impair clinicians' ability to maintain safe practices and detect emerging safety threats. This Annual Perspective summarizes studies published in 2015, with a particular focus on the relationship between burnout and patient safety, and interventions to address burnout among clinicians.
with commentary by Urmimala Sarkar, MD, and Kaveh Shojania, MD, 2015
Computerized provider order entry is a cornerstone of patient safety efforts, and the increasingly widespread implementation of electronic health records has made it a standard practice in health care. This Annual Perspective summarizes novel findings and research directions in computerized provider order entry in 2015.
with commentary by Urmimala Sarkar, MD; Kaveh Shojania, MD, Diagnostic Errors, 2014
with commentary by Niraj Sehgal, MD, MPH, Handoffs and Patient Safety, 2014
with commentary by Sumant Ranji, MD, Educating Practitioners in Safety and Quality, 2014