Perspectives on Safety
Narrow Results Clear All
- Communication Improvement 43
- Culture of Safety 47
Education and Training
- Students 2
- Error Reporting and Analysis 64
- Human Factors Engineering 27
Legal and Policy Approaches
- Regulation 14
- Logistical Approaches 19
- Policies and Operations 1
- Quality Improvement Strategies 85
- Research Directions 1
- Specialization of Care 5
- Teamwork 17
- Clinical Information Systems 21
- Alert fatigue 2
- Device-related Complications 5
- Diagnostic Errors 14
- Discontinuities, Gaps, and Hand-Off Problems 16
- Fatigue and Sleep Deprivation 10
- Identification Errors 2
- Delirium 1
- Medication Errors/Preventable Adverse Drug Events 11
- Nonsurgical Procedural Complications 5
- Psychological and Social Complications 15
- Surgical Complications 14
- Gynecology 52
- Surgery 12
- Nursing 11
- Pharmacy 7
- Family Members and Caregivers 4
- Health Care Executives and Administrators
Health Care Providers
- Nurses 7
- Physicians 18
Non-Health Care Professionals
- Educators 23
- Media 1
- Patients 3
with commentary by Audrey Lyndon, RN, PhD, 2018
This perspective examines the troubling decline in maternal health outcomes in the United States and summarizes recent national initiatives to improve safety in maternity care.
with commentary by Rachel J. Stern, MD, and Urmimala Sarkar, MD, 2018
Patient engagement is widely acknowledged as a cornerstone of patient safety. Research in 2018 demonstrates that patient engagement, when done correctly, can help health care systems identify safety hazards, regain trust after they occur, and codesign sustainable solutions.
Update on Simulation, August 2018
Dr. Weinger is Director of the Center for Research and Innovation in Systems Safety and Professor of Anesthesiology, Biomedical Informatics, and Medical Education at Vanderbilt University. He holds the Norman Ty Smith Chair in Patient Safety and Medical Simulation. We spoke with him about the current state of simulation training in health care, barriers to progress, and potential innovations.
with commentary by Joseph O. Lopreiato, MD, MPH, Update on Simulation, August 2018
This piece explores health care simulation including the four main methods used and the evidence base for its impact on learning and patient care.
Post-Hospital Syndrome, April 2018
Dr. Krumholz is Professor of Medicine at the University of Yale School of Medicine and Director of the Yale-New Haven Hospital Center for Outcomes Research and Evaluation. We spoke with him about readmissions and post-hospital syndrome, a term he coined in an article in the New England Journal of Medicine to describe the risk of adverse health events in recently hospitalized patients.
with commentary by Katherine Liang and Eric Alper, MD, Post-Hospital Syndrome, April 2018
This piece explores the risks patients face after hospital discharge and strategies to address them, such as patient education, Project RED, and the Care Transitions Intervention.
Nursing and Patient Safety, March 2018
Dr. Aiken is Claire M. Fagin Leadership Professor of Nursing, Professor of Sociology, and Director of the Center for Health Outcomes and Policy Research at University of Pennsylvania. She is generally considered the nation's foremost expert on health policy as it relates to the nursing workforce. We spoke with her about how nurse staffing and the work environment can affect patient safety and outcomes.
with commentary by Jane Ball, PhD, and Peter Griffiths, PhD, Nursing and Patient Safety, March 2018
This piece explores how missed nursing care may explain the association between low nurse staffing levels and increased mortality in hospital patients.
Surgical Safety, December 2017
Dr. Bilimoria is the Director of the Surgical Outcomes and Quality Improvement Center of Northwestern University, which focuses on national, regional, and local quality improvement research and practical initiatives. He is also the Director of the Illinois Surgical Quality Improvement Collaborative and a Faculty Scholar at the American College of Surgeons. In the second part of a two-part interview (the earlier one concerned residency duty hours), we spoke with him about quality and safety in surgery.
with commentary by Robert M. Wachter, MD, Surgical Safety, December 2017
This piece explores progress of patient safety in the surgical field and where further improvement can be made, such as ongoing assessment of procedural skills along with video recording and review of surgical procedures.
Presenteeism: A Patient Safety Challenge, October 2017
Dr. Starke is Professor of Pediatrics–Infectious Disease at Baylor College of Medicine and previously served as Infection Control Officer at Texas Children's Hospital. We spoke with him about "presenteeism" (coming to work while ill) in health care and its impact on provider and patient safety.
with commentary by Julia E. Szymczak, PhD, Presenteeism: A Patient Safety Challenge, October 2017
This piece explores the risks of presenteeism among health care workers and factors, such as cultural expectations, that contribute to its occurrence.
Health Information Technology and Safety, September 2017
Dr. Gettinger is the Chief Medical Information Officer and the Executive Director of the Office of Clinical Quality and Safety for the Office of the National Coordinator (ONC). He led the development of an electronic health record (EHR) system at Dartmouth and was the senior physician leader during their transition to a vendor-based EHR. We spoke with him about safety and health information technology.
with commentary by Dean F. Sittig, PhD, and Hardeep Singh, MD, MPH, Health Information Technology and Safety, September 2017
This piece highlights four key lessons that the authors believe are useful for clinicians and health care organizations that seek to identify, prevent, and mitigate electronic health record–related safety issues.
with commentary by Kathy Malloy; Timothy P. Brigham, PhD; Thomas J. Nasca, MD, Resident Duty Hours Policy Changes, August 2017
This piece reviews how changes to the ACGME requirements emphasize patient safety and quality improvement, address physician well-being, strengthen expectations around team-based care, and create flexibility for work hours within the maximum 80-hour workweek.
Legal Issues and Patient Safety, July 2017
Michelle Mello is Professor of Law at Stanford Law School and Professor of Health Research and Policy at Stanford University School of Medicine. She conducts empirical research into issues at the intersection of law, ethics, and health policy. We spoke with her about legal issues in patient safety.
with commentary by David Studdert, LLB, ScD, Legal Issues and Patient Safety, July 2017
This piece explores the risk of recurring medicolegal events among providers who have received unsolicited patient complaints, faced disciplinary actions by medical boards, or accumulated malpractice claims.
The Weekend Effect, June 2017
Professor Aylin is Professor of Epidemiology and Public Health at Imperial College London. We spoke with him about the weekend effect in health care—the observation that patients admitted to the hospital over the weekend often have worse outcomes than those admitted during the week.
with commentary by Vanessa K. Martin, DO, MS; Nasim Mirnateghi, PhD; and Mahdi Khoshchehreh, MD, MS, The Weekend Effect, June 2017
This piece explores the weekend effect in cardiology and recommends allowing invasive management for patients with non ST-elevation myocardial infarction to improve outcomes in this group.
Opioids and Patient Safety, May 2017
Dr. Juurlink is professor of medicine, pediatrics, and health policy at the University of Toronto, where he is also director of the Division of Clinical Pharmacology and Toxicology. We spoke with him about the opioid epidemic and strategies to address this growing patient safety concern.
with commentary by Irene Berita Murimi, PhD, MA, and G. Caleb Alexander, MD, MS, Opioids and Patient Safety, May 2017
This piece explores the opioid epidemic in the United States, including factors that led to increased opioid prescribing, its adverse effects, and tactics to reduce opioid-related harm.
New Thinking About High Reliability, April 2017
Dr. Chassin is president and chief executive officer of The Joint Commission. He is also president of the Joint Commission Center for Transforming Healthcare, a center he began to promote high reliability and transformative practice. We spoke with him about new thinking in high reliability.
New Thinking About High Reliability, April 2017
Professor Sutcliffe is a Bloomberg Distinguished Professor of Business and Medicine at Johns Hopkins University. She studies organizational adaptability, reliability, resilience, and safety in health care. We spoke with her about high reliability in health care organizations.
Approaching Safety Culture in New Ways, March 2017
Dr. Dixon-Woods is RAND Professor of Health Services Research at Cambridge University, Deputy Editor-in-Chief of BMJ Quality and Safety, and one of the world's leading experts on the sociology of health care. We spoke with her about new ways to approach safety culture.
with commentary by Sara J. Singer, MBA, PhD, Approaching Safety Culture in New Ways, March 2017
This piece discusses the importance of strengthening safety culture in health care and offers insights for organizations seeking to achieve culture change.
with commentary by Sumant Ranji, MD, 2016
The toll of medical errors is often expressed in terms of mortality attributable to patient safety problems. In 2016, there was considerable debate regarding the number of patients who die due to medical errors. This Annual Perspective explores the methodological approaches to estimating mortality attributable to preventable adverse events and discusses the benefits and limitations of existing approaches.
Update on Teamwork, February 2017
Dr. Edmondson is the Novartis Professor of Leadership and Management at Harvard Business School. She is an expert on leadership, teams, and organizational learning. We spoke with her about the role of teamwork in health care and why it is becoming increasingly important.
with commentary by David P. Baker, PhD; James B. Battles, PhD; Heidi B. King, MS, Update on Teamwork, February 2017
This piece outlines 10 insights about team training in health care learned from experience with the AHRQ-supported teamwork training program, TeamSTEPPS.
Workplace Safety, January 2017
Mr. O'Neill served as the United States Secretary of the Treasury under President George W. Bush and, prior to that, chairman and CEO of Alcoa. We spoke with him about workplace safety and its relationship to patient safety and organizational excellence.
with commentary by Ross W. Simon and Elena G. Canacari, RN, Workplace Safety, January 2017
This piece explores how a team at Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center combined tools and techniques used in manufacturing along with continuous improvement to develop a process to identify, prioritize, and mitigate hazards in health care settings.
with commentary by Urmimala Sarkar, MD, and Kaveh Shojania, MD, 2016
Opioids are known to be high risk medications, and concerns about patient harm from prescription opioid misuse have been increasing in the United States. This Annual Perspective summarizes research published in 2016 that explored the extent of harm from their use, described problematic prescribing practices that likely contribute to adverse events, and demonstrated some promising practices to foster safer opioid use.
with commentary by Kiran Gupta, MD, MPH, and Audrey Lyndon, PhD, 2016
Root cause analysis is widely accepted as a key component of patient safety programs. In 2016, the literature outlined ongoing problems with the root cause analysis process and shed light on opportunities to improve its application in health care. This Annual Perspective reviews concerns about the root cause analysis process and highlights recommendations for improvement put forth by the National Patient Safety Foundation.
Root Cause Analysis: What Have We Learned?, December 2016
Dr. Bagian is Director of the Center for Healthcare Engineering and Patient Safety at the University of Michigan, and a former astronaut. He co-chaired the team that produced the influential NPSF report entitled, RCA2: Improving Root Cause Analyses and Actions to Prevent Harm.
with commentary by Carl Macrae, PhD, Root Cause Analysis: What Have We Learned?, December 2016
This piece explores how strategies from aviation, such as just culture and monitoring technologies, can be applied in health care to improve patient safety.
New Leaders in Safety and Quality, November 2016
Dr. Bindman, an expert in health policy in underserved populations, was appointed as director of the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (AHRQ) in May 2016. We spoke with him about his new role at AHRQ.
New Leaders in Safety and Quality, November 2016
In January 2016, Mr. Feeley, a leading health care administrator from Scotland, became the third President and CEO of the Institute for Healthcare Improvement (IHI), probably the most influential organization of its kind. We spoke with him about his work at IHI to improve health care quality and safety.
Big Data and Patient Safety, October 2016
Dr. Platt is Professor and Chair of the Harvard Medical School Department of Population Medicine. We spoke with him about big data and patient safety.
with commentary by Alvin Rajkomar, MD, Big Data and Patient Safety, October 2016
This piece explores the role for a clinician data scientist in utilizing clinical datasets to improve health care quality and safety.
Certification in Patient Safety, June 2016
Dr. Meyer is Chief Clinical Officer of Partners Healthcare System, the large Boston-based system that includes Massachusetts General and Brigham and Women's Hospitals. We spoke with him about training and certification in patient safety.
with commentary by Karen Frank, DNP, RN, MSHA, Certification in Patient Safety, June 2016
This piece offers a nurse's viewpoint on the benefits of acquiring certification in patient safety.
CLER and I-PASS, April 2016
Dr. Nasca is CEO of the Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education, the major accreditor of residency and fellowship training programs, and CEO of ACGME International. We spoke with him about ACGME's Clinical Learning Environment Review (CLER) program and its impact on medical education.
CLER and I-PASS, April 2016
Dr. Starmer is Director of Primary Care Quality Improvement and Assistant Professor of Pediatrics at Boston Children's Hospital and Harvard Medical School. We spoke with her about handoffs and the implementation and findings of the landmark I-PASS study.
Federal Organizations in Patient Safety, March 2016
Dr. Kronick has served as director of the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality since August 2013, and will be stepping down from the role this month. We spoke with him about AHRQ's efforts to develop measurements and implement improvements in patient safety.
Federal Organizations in Patient Safety, March 2016
Dr. McGann is the Chief Medical Officer for Quality Improvement at the Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services (CMS) and the Co-Director of the CMS Partnership for Patients. We spoke with him about his work at CMS and with the Partnership for Patients initiative.
with commentary by Christopher Moriates, MD, and Robert M. Wachter, MD, 2015
While the patient safety world has largely embraced the concept of a just culture for many years, in 2015 the discussion moved toward tackling some of the specifics and many gray areas that must be addressed to realize this ideal. This Annual Perspective reviews the context of the "no blame" movement and the recent shift toward a framework of a just culture, which incorporates appropriate accountability in health care.
with commentary by Audrey Lyndon, PhD, 2015
Clinician burnout is prevalent across health care settings and may impair clinicians' ability to maintain safe practices and detect emerging safety threats. This Annual Perspective summarizes studies published in 2015, with a particular focus on the relationship between burnout and patient safety, and interventions to address burnout among clinicians.
with commentary by Urmimala Sarkar, MD, and Kaveh Shojania, MD, 2015
Computerized provider order entry is a cornerstone of patient safety efforts, and the increasingly widespread implementation of electronic health records has made it a standard practice in health care. This Annual Perspective summarizes novel findings and research directions in computerized provider order entry in 2015.
Joy in Practice, February 2016
Dr. Sinsky is the Vice President for Professional Satisfaction at the American Medical Association and a primary care physician in Dubuque, IA. We spoke with her about physician professional satisfaction, including its relationship to patient outcomes and safety.
with commentary by Mark Friedberg, MD, MPP, Joy in Practice, February 2016
This piece highlights the importance of focusing on physician professional satisfaction as a way to determine potential patient safety hazards and improve health care quality.
Update on Diagnostic Errors, January 2016
Dr. Graber founded the Society to Improve Diagnosis in Medicine and the journal, Diagnosis. We spoke with him about the recent National Academy of Medicine (formerly Institute of Medicine) Improving Diagnosis in Health Care report, and about diagnostic errors more generally.