Perspectives on Safety
Narrow Results Clear All
- Communication Improvement 30
- Culture of Safety 27
Education and Training
- Students 2
- Error Reporting and Analysis 43
- Human Factors Engineering 16
- Legal and Policy Approaches 44
- Logistical Approaches 14
- Policies and Operations 2
- Quality Improvement Strategies 62
- Research Directions 1
- Specialization of Care 3
- Teamwork 9
- Clinical Information Systems 18
- Alert fatigue 1
- Device-related Complications 3
- Diagnostic Errors 9
- Discontinuities, Gaps, and Hand-Off Problems 14
- Fatigue and Sleep Deprivation 9
- Identification Errors 2
- Delirium 1
- Medication Safety 16
- Nonsurgical Procedural Complications 6
- Psychological and Social Complications 17
- Surgical Complications 11
- Family Members and Caregivers 3
- Health Care Executives and Administrators
Health Care Providers
- Nurses 6
- Physicians 16
Non-Health Care Professionals
- Educators 16
- Media 1
- Patients 3
State Error Reporting Systems, June 2007
Diane Rydrych, MA, is Assistant Director of the Division of Health Policy at the Minnesota Department of Health, where she oversees their successful and influential adverse health events reporting system. We asked her to speak with us about the Minnesota initiative and some of the broader lessons for state error reporting systems.
with commentary by Jill Rosenthal, MPH, State Error Reporting Systems, June 2007
Seven years ago, the Institute of Medicine (IOM) called on states to create mandatory reporting systems as part of a strategy to identify and learn about medical errors and ultimately to improve patient safety. Since then, many states have responded by creating or improving reporting systems to collect information about hospital-based adverse events. These systems can provide states with an opportunity to strengthen their facility oversight functions, safeguard the public, and partner with providers to improve health care quality.
with commentary by Rosemary Gibson, MSc, The Patient's Role in Safety, March 2007
Patients have three roles in improving patient safety: helping to ensure their own safety, working with health care organizations to improve safety at the organization and unit level, and advocating as citizens for public reporting and accountability of hospital and health system performance. The following case illustrates how patients can help ensure their own safety.
The Patient's Role in Safety, March 2007
Sorrel King is the mother of Josie King, who died tragically in 2001 at age 18 months because of medical errors during a hospitalization at Johns Hopkins Hospital. She has subsequently become one of the nation’s foremost patient advocates for safety, forming an influential foundation (the Josie King Foundation) and partnering with Johns Hopkins to promote the field of patient safety around the world.
The Transformation of Patient Safety at the VA, September 2006
James P. Bagian, MD, is the Director of the Department of Veterans Affairs National Center for Patient Safety. Dr. Bagian began his career as a mechanical engineer, then became a physician, trained in surgery and anesthesia. A NASA Astronaut for 15 years, he flew on two space shuttle flights. In 2001, the American Medical Association awarded him the Nathan S. Davis Award for outstanding public service in the advancement of public health. We asked Dr. Bagian to speak with us about his experience transforming safety at in Veterans Affairs hospitals nationwide.
with commentary by Ashish K. Jha, MD, MPH, The Transformation of Patient Safety at the VA, September 2006
Five years after the landmark Crossing the Quality Chasm report by the Institute of Medicine (IOM), the quality and safety of health care in the United States remains far from ideal.(1) It is easy to feel pessimistic. Can health care organizations really...
Patient Safety Programs, July 2006
Allan Frankel, MD, is Director of Patient Safety for Partners HealthCare, the merged entity of Harvard hospitals and clinics that includes Massachusetts General and Brigham and Women's Hospital. Dr. Frankel, an anesthesiologist by training, has been a key member of the faculty of the Institute for Healthcare Improvement, co-chairing numerous Adverse Drug Events and Patient Safety Collaboratives. Dr. Frankel's work in patient safety focuses on leadership training, high reliability in health care, teamwork development, and cultural change. We asked Dr. Frankel to speak with us about developing a comprehensive patient safety program.
with commentary by John Whittington, MD, Patient Safety Programs, July 2006
One of the most important interventions is for hospital leadership to get the hospital's board involved with safety and quality. Not only does the board have fiduciary responsibility for the organization, but they have responsibility for quality and safety...
Patient Safety Initiatives, September 2005
Dr. Carolyn Clancy has been the Director of the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (AHRQ) since 2003. Prior to becoming AHRQ Director, she led the Agency's Center for Outcomes and Effectiveness Research. A general internist and health services researcher, she has published widely in the peer reviewed literature on a variety of topics, ranging from quality improvement to primary care. She is a member of the Institute of Medicine and a Master of the American College of Physicians.
with commentary by Linda H. Aiken, PhD, RN , Nursing and Patient Safety , July-August 2005
The goal set by the Institute of Medicine (IOM) in 1999 to reduce medical errors by half within 5 years has not been achieved. Opinion polls of consumers and health professionals show that concerns about patient safety remain high. Yet only 16% of hospital...
Research in Patient Safety , June 2005
Peter J. Pronovost, MD, PhD, is Medical Director of the Johns Hopkins Center for Innovation in Quality Patient Care. A practicing anesthesiologist and critical care physician, he has appointments in both The Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine and its Bloomberg School of Public Health. Dr. Pronovost's research, which has focused on how to improve patient safety and quality in the ICU setting, has been characterized by a blend of methodologic sophistication and practical attention to the details of making change happen and making it stick. His many contributions include studies of the value of intensivists, of the use of daily goal cards on safety and communication, of an executive adopt-a-unit strategy, and of a comprehensive unit-based safety program. For this work, much of which has been supported by AHRQ, he was awarded the John M. Eisenberg Award in Research Achievement in 2004.
Organizational Change in the Face of Highly Public Errors—I. The Dana-Farber Cancer Institute Experience
with commentary by James B. Conway; Saul N. Weingart, MD, PhD, Errors in the Media and Organizational Change, May 2005
A decade ago, two tragic medical errors rocked one of the world’s great cancer hospitals, Dana-Farber Cancer Institute (DFCI) in Boston, to its core. The errors led to considerable soul searching and, ultimately, a major change in institutional practices a...
with commentary by Karen Frush, MD, Errors in the Media and Organizational Change, May 2005
In February 2003, 17-year-old Jessica Santillan died at Duke University Medical Center due to a mismatched heart-lung transplantation. As with the Dana-Farber experience, the death made headlines around the world and devastated the leaders and providers at...