Perspectives on Safety
Narrow Results Clear All
- Communication Improvement 32
- Culture of Safety 26
Education and Training
- Students 1
- Error Reporting and Analysis 33
- Human Factors Engineering 17
- Legal and Policy Approaches 37
- Logistical Approaches 15
- Policies and Operations 2
- Quality Improvement Strategies 46
- Research Directions 1
- Specialization of Care 5
- Teamwork 10
- Clinical Information Systems 12
- Alert fatigue 1
- Device-related Complications 3
- Diagnostic Errors 6
- Discontinuities, Gaps, and Hand-Off Problems 12
- Fatigue and Sleep Deprivation 5
- Identification Errors 1
- Delirium 1
- Medication Errors/Preventable Adverse Drug Events 10
- Nonsurgical Procedural Complications 2
- Psychological and Social Complications 8
- Surgical Complications 8
- Gynecology 33
- Surgery 9
- Nursing 11
- Pharmacy 7
- Family Members and Caregivers 2
- Health Care Executives and Administrators
Health Care Providers
- Nurses 7
- Physicians 20
Non-Health Care Professionals
- Educators 11
- Media 1
- Patients 3
Health System Consolidation and Patient Safety, March 2019
Dr. Haas is an obstetrician–gynecologist and co-Principal Investigator for Ariadne Labs' work focused on health care system expansion. We spoke with her about the trend of health systems getting larger and more integrated, the risks to patient safety, and ways to mitigate these risks.
with commentary by Paul E. Phrampus, MD, Health System Consolidation and Patient Safety, March 2019
This piece outlines how large integrated health care systems can implement effective patient safety programs and spotlights the importance of leadership engagement and a just culture.
with commentary by Audrey Lyndon, RN, PhD, 2018
This perspective examines the troubling decline in maternal health outcomes in the United States and summarizes recent national initiatives to improve safety in maternity care.
with commentary by Rachel J. Stern, MD, and Urmimala Sarkar, MD, 2018
Patient engagement is widely acknowledged as a cornerstone of patient safety. Research in 2018 demonstrates that patient engagement, when done correctly, can help health care systems identify safety hazards, regain trust after they occur, and codesign sustainable solutions.
Post-Hospital Syndrome, April 2018
Dr. Krumholz is Professor of Medicine at the University of Yale School of Medicine and Director of the Yale-New Haven Hospital Center for Outcomes Research and Evaluation. We spoke with him about readmissions and post-hospital syndrome, a term he coined in an article in the New England Journal of Medicine to describe the risk of adverse health events in recently hospitalized patients.
with commentary by Katherine Liang and Eric Alper, MD, Post-Hospital Syndrome, April 2018
This piece explores the risks patients face after hospital discharge and strategies to address them, such as patient education, Project RED, and the Care Transitions Intervention.
Nursing and Patient Safety, March 2018
Dr. Aiken is Claire M. Fagin Leadership Professor of Nursing, Professor of Sociology, and Director of the Center for Health Outcomes and Policy Research at University of Pennsylvania. She is generally considered the nation's foremost expert on health policy as it relates to the nursing workforce. We spoke with her about how nurse staffing and the work environment can affect patient safety and outcomes.
with commentary by Jane Ball, PhD, and Peter Griffiths, PhD, Nursing and Patient Safety, March 2018
This piece explores how missed nursing care may explain the association between low nurse staffing levels and increased mortality in hospital patients.
Presenteeism: A Patient Safety Challenge, October 2017
Dr. Starke is Professor of Pediatrics–Infectious Disease at Baylor College of Medicine and previously served as Infection Control Officer at Texas Children's Hospital. We spoke with him about "presenteeism" (coming to work while ill) in health care and its impact on provider and patient safety.
Approaching Safety Culture in New Ways, March 2017
Dr. Dixon-Woods is RAND Professor of Health Services Research at Cambridge University, Deputy Editor-in-Chief of BMJ Quality and Safety, and one of the world's leading experts on the sociology of health care. We spoke with her about new ways to approach safety culture.
with commentary by Sumant Ranji, MD, 2016
The toll of medical errors is often expressed in terms of mortality attributable to patient safety problems. In 2016, there was considerable debate regarding the number of patients who die due to medical errors. This Annual Perspective explores the methodological approaches to estimating mortality attributable to preventable adverse events and discusses the benefits and limitations of existing approaches.
with commentary by David P. Baker, PhD; James B. Battles, PhD; Heidi B. King, MS, Update on Teamwork, February 2017
This piece outlines 10 insights about team training in health care learned from experience with the AHRQ-supported teamwork training program, TeamSTEPPS.
Workplace Safety, January 2017
Mr. O'Neill served as the United States Secretary of the Treasury under President George W. Bush and, prior to that, chairman and CEO of Alcoa. We spoke with him about workplace safety and its relationship to patient safety and organizational excellence.
with commentary by Ross W. Simon and Elena G. Canacari, RN, Workplace Safety, January 2017
This piece explores how a team at Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center combined tools and techniques used in manufacturing along with continuous improvement to develop a process to identify, prioritize, and mitigate hazards in health care settings.
with commentary by Urmimala Sarkar, MD, and Kaveh Shojania, MD, 2016
Opioids are known to be high risk medications, and concerns about patient harm from prescription opioid misuse have been increasing in the United States. This Annual Perspective summarizes research published in 2016 that explored the extent of harm from their use, described problematic prescribing practices that likely contribute to adverse events, and demonstrated some promising practices to foster safer opioid use.
Root Cause Analysis: What Have We Learned?, December 2016
Dr. Bagian is Director of the Center for Healthcare Engineering and Patient Safety at the University of Michigan, and a former astronaut. He co-chaired the team that produced the influential NPSF report entitled, RCA2: Improving Root Cause Analyses and Actions to Prevent Harm.
with commentary by Carl Macrae, PhD, Root Cause Analysis: What Have We Learned?, December 2016
This piece explores how strategies from aviation, such as just culture and monitoring technologies, can be applied in health care to improve patient safety.
New Leaders in Safety and Quality, November 2016
Dr. Bindman, an expert in health policy in underserved populations, was appointed as director of the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (AHRQ) in May 2016. We spoke with him about his new role at AHRQ.
Certification in Patient Safety, June 2016
Dr. Meyer is Chief Clinical Officer of Partners Healthcare System, the large Boston-based system that includes Massachusetts General and Brigham and Women's Hospitals. We spoke with him about training and certification in patient safety.
with commentary by Karen Frank, DNP, RN, MSHA, Certification in Patient Safety, June 2016
This piece offers a nurse's viewpoint on the benefits of acquiring certification in patient safety.
with commentary by Urmimala Sarkar, MD, and Kaveh Shojania, MD, 2015
Computerized provider order entry is a cornerstone of patient safety efforts, and the increasingly widespread implementation of electronic health records has made it a standard practice in health care. This Annual Perspective summarizes novel findings and research directions in computerized provider order entry in 2015.
Ten years of AHRQ Patient Safety Network: A Window Into the Evolution of the Patient Safety Literature, November 2015
Dr. Shojania is Editor-in-Chief of BMJ Quality and Safety and Director of the Centre for Quality Improvement and Patient Safety at the University of Toronto. We spoke with him about the evolution of patient safety research over the past 15 years.
Ten years of AHRQ Patient Safety Network: A Window Into the Evolution of the Patient Safety Literature, November 2015
Ms. Zipperer was a founding staff member of the National Patient Safety Foundation as their information projects manager and has also been Cybrarian for AHRQ Patient Safety Network since its inception. We spoke with her about the role of librarians in patient safety.
with commentary by Robert M. Wachter, MD, Ten years of AHRQ Patient Safety Network: A Window Into the Evolution of the Patient Safety Literature, November 2015
This editorial provides an overview of how PSNet and WebM&M have evolved in the past decade.
New Insights on Safety and Health IT, July/August 2015
Dr. Wachter is Professor and the Interim Chairman of the Department of Medicine at UCSF. We talked with him about his new book, The Digital Doctor: Hope, Hype, and Harm at the Dawn of Medicine's Computer Age.
Using Video to Assess Quality and Safety, May 2015
Dr. Birkmeyer is Chief Academic Officer and Executive Vice President at Dartmouth-Hitchcock Medical Center. We spoke with him about his seminal New England Journal of Medicine video study that found a link between practicing surgeons' directly observed technical skills and surgical outcomes.
Surgical Checklists, April 2015
A pioneer in patient safety, Dr. Leape is Adjunct Professor of Health Policy at the Harvard School of Public Health and Chairman of the Lucian Leape Institute of the National Patient Safety Foundation. His groundbreaking research has focused on patient safety and quality of care. We spoke with him about checklists and the field of patient safety.
Surgical Checklists, April 2015
Dr. Urbach is Professor of Surgery and Health Policy, Management and Evaluation at the University of Toronto. We spoke with him about his study evaluating the effectiveness of checklists in Ontario, Canada and its implications for a variety of safety interventions.
Risk-Adjusted Mortality as a Safety/Quality Measure, March 2015
Sir Brian Jarman designed the methodology for hospital standardized mortality ratios, a widely used method of measuring quality and safety, and was involved with the Bristol Royal Infirmary Inquiry. We spoke with him about the development of the HSMR and their role in monitoring performance.
with commentary by Ian Scott, MBBS, MHA, MEd, Risk-Adjusted Mortality as a Safety/Quality Measure, March 2015
This piece discusses risk-adjusted hospital mortality rates as a measure of hospital safety, including why they've become popular, major flaws such as low sensitivity, and alternative ways to use them.
Lean and Patient Safety, January 2015
Mr. Graban is an internationally recognized expert in Lean Healthcare. We spoke with him about applying Lean in hospitals to improve safety and decrease waste.
with commentary by Paul E. Plsek, MS, Lean and Patient Safety, January 2015
This book excerpt describes how integrating innovation and Lean concepts at Virginia Mason enhances clinical performance and the patient experience.
Global Patient Safety, December 2014
Dr. Kelley, PhD, is Director of Service Delivery and Safety for the World Health Organization (WHO). We spoke with him about his work with WHO and the global impact of the organization on patient safety.
with commentary by Shams B. Syed, MD, MPH, Global Patient Safety, December 2014
This piece describes the evolution of the World Health Organization's African Partnerships for Patient Safety program and its implications for global patient safety improvement.
Overuse as a Patient Safety Problem, September 2014
Ms. Gibson is Senior Advisor to The Hastings Center, an editor for JAMA Internal Medicine, and co-author of Wall of Silence and The Treatment Trap. We spoke with her about overuse of medical care and its effect on patient safety.
Safety in the Ambulatory Setting, July-August 2014
Dr. Sarkar is an associate professor of medicine at UCSF whose research has focused on ambulatory patient safety, including missed and delayed diagnosis, adverse drug events, and monitoring failures for outpatients with chronic diseases. We spoke with her about patient safety in the ambulatory setting.
National Organizations in Safety, April 2014
Dr. Gandhi is President of the National Patient Safety Foundation and Associate Professor of Medicine at Harvard Medical School. We spoke with her about NPSF's evolving role in enhancing health care at a national level.
Infection Prevention and Patient Safety, March 2014
Dr. Holmes is Director of Infection Prevention and Control and a professor at Imperial College London. We spoke with her about infection prevention and patient safety.
with commentary by Susan S. Huang, MD, MPH, Infection Prevention and Patient Safety, March 2014
This piece describes the history around efforts to address preventable health care–associated infections, including federal initiatives and further research avenues to consider.
Interruptions and Distractions in Health Care, February 2014
Dr. Coiera, a professor at the University of New South Wales, has extensively researched and written about clinical communication processes and information systems. We spoke with him about how interruptions and distractions in the clinical environment influence patient safety.
Update on Simulation in Health Care, March 2013
Stanford anesthesiologist David M. Gaba, MD, helped introduce the modern full-body patient simulator and the concept of crew resource management training to health care.
with commentary by Saul N. Weingart, MD, PhD, Engaging the Patient and Family in Safety, February 2013
This piece highlights the advantages to and limitations of engaging patients in patient safety.
Quality and Safety Challenges in Critical Care: Preventing and Treating Delirium in the Intensive Care Unit
with commentary by Eduard E. Vasilevskis, MD; E. Wesley Ely, MD, MPH; Robert S. Dittus, MD, MPH, Delirium as a Safety Target, December 2012
This piece details a number of evidenced-based practices to help detect, prevent, and treat delirium, which is now seen as a patient safety hazard.
Nurse Staffing and Patient Safety, September 2012
Prof. Needleman has performed some of the key studies on how the nursing workforce influences health outcomes, including seminal articles published in the New England Journal of Medicine in 2002 and 2011.
with commentary by Peter I. Buerhaus, PhD, RN, Nurse Staffing and Patient Safety, September 2012
This piece describes federal initiatives aimed at preparing the nursing workforce needed to match future demand and to navigate changes vital to improving health care.
with commentary by Jerry Gurwitz, MD, Safety in Nursing Homes, August 2012
This piece, written by a national leader in safe use of medications in elderly patients, discusses strategies for improving the quality and safety of medication use in the nursing home setting.
Disclosing Errors and Other Innovations in Risk Management, March 2012
An attorney and chief risk officer for the University of Michigan Health System, Mr. Boothman developed a pioneering approach to medical mistakes and risk management, emphasizing an honest approach to errors, early apology, and rapid settlement offers when the system was at fault.
with commentary by Allen Kachalia, MD, JD, Disclosing Errors and Other Innovations in Risk Management, March 2012
This piece describes how evidence-based improvements to the medical liability system could influence both accountability and compensation for errors.
Resident Supervision and Patient Safety, February 2012
The founding Dean of Hofstra North Shore-LIJ School of Medicine, Dr. Smith has held numerous senior leadership positions within the field of medical education and residency training.
with commentary by C. Jessica Dine, MD, MA; and Jennifer S. Myers, MD, Resident Supervision and Patient Safety, February 2012
This piece discusses how increased supervision influences the educational experience for trainees.