Perspectives on Safety
Narrow Results Clear All
- Communication Improvement 10
- Culture of Safety 5
- Education and Training 4
- Error Reporting and Analysis
- Human Factors Engineering 2
- Legal and Policy Approaches 8
- Quality Improvement Strategies 4
- Research Directions 1
- Specialization of Care 1
- Teamwork 2
- Technologic Approaches 4
- Family Members and Caregivers 2
- Health Care Executives and Administrators
- Health Care Providers
Non-Health Care Professionals
- Media 1
- Patients 3
with commentary by Rachel J. Stern, MD, and Urmimala Sarkar, MD, 2018
Patient engagement is widely acknowledged as a cornerstone of patient safety. Research in 2018 demonstrates that patient engagement, when done correctly, can help health care systems identify safety hazards, regain trust after they occur, and codesign sustainable solutions.
with commentary by Sumant Ranji, MD, 2016
The toll of medical errors is often expressed in terms of mortality attributable to patient safety problems. In 2016, there was considerable debate regarding the number of patients who die due to medical errors. This Annual Perspective explores the methodological approaches to estimating mortality attributable to preventable adverse events and discusses the benefits and limitations of existing approaches.
with commentary by Saul N. Weingart, MD, PhD, Engaging the Patient and Family in Safety, February 2013
This piece highlights the advantages to and limitations of engaging patients in patient safety.
Disclosing Errors and Other Innovations in Risk Management, March 2012
An attorney and chief risk officer for the University of Michigan Health System, Mr. Boothman developed a pioneering approach to medical mistakes and risk management, emphasizing an honest approach to errors, early apology, and rapid settlement offers when the system was at fault.
with commentary by Allen Kachalia, MD, JD, Disclosing Errors and Other Innovations in Risk Management, March 2012
This piece describes how evidence-based improvements to the medical liability system could influence both accountability and compensation for errors.
Measuring Patient Safety, November 2010
Patrick S. Romano, MD, MPH, is Professor of Medicine and Pediatrics at the University of California, Davis, School of Medicine.
with commentary by Amy K. Rosen, PhD, Measuring Patient Safety, November 2010
Emergency medicine has evolved from a location, with variably trained and experienced providers ("the ER"), to a discipline with a well-defined knowledge base and skill set that focus on the diagnosis and care of undifferentiated acute problems.
Patient Disclosure and Apology, January 2009
Thomas H. Gallagher, MD, is Associate Professor in the Department of Medicine and the Department of Medical History and Ethics at the University of Washington in Seattle. Dr. Gallagher's current research covers the disclosure of medical errors, examining patients' and doctors' attitudes about disclosure, how best to train providers to disclose and apologize for errors, and how to create a system that promotes appropriate disclosure. We asked him to speak with us about new developments in the field of patient disclosure and apologies.
with commentary by Allen Kachalia, MD, JD, Patient Disclosure and Apology, January 2009
Disclosure of medical error is inextricably linked to today's patient safety efforts. Health care experts advocate that greater disclosure is necessary to achieve complete transparency and ameliorate barriers to error reporting.(1,2) Of course, the ethical obligations triggered by the occurrence of a medical error are not to be overlooked. Principles of fiduciary duty, patient autonomy, and equity all strongly support the ethical and moral mandate for physicians to disclose harmful errors to patients.(3) These principles weigh in favor of disclosure even if it is contrary to the physician's interests (e.g., malpractice risk or reputation). As a result, the issue of disclosure garners tremendous attention in today's medical literature.
with commentary by Rosemary Gibson, MSc, The Patient's Role in Safety, March 2007
Patients have three roles in improving patient safety: helping to ensure their own safety, working with health care organizations to improve safety at the organization and unit level, and advocating as citizens for public reporting and accountability of hospital and health system performance. The following case illustrates how patients can help ensure their own safety.
The Patient's Role in Safety, March 2007
Sorrel King is the mother of Josie King, who died tragically in 2001 at age 18 months because of medical errors during a hospitalization at Johns Hopkins Hospital. She has subsequently become one of the nation’s foremost patient advocates for safety, forming an influential foundation (the Josie King Foundation) and partnering with Johns Hopkins to promote the field of patient safety around the world.
The Transformation of Patient Safety at the VA, September 2006
James P. Bagian, MD, is the Director of the Department of Veterans Affairs National Center for Patient Safety. Dr. Bagian began his career as a mechanical engineer, then became a physician, trained in surgery and anesthesia. A NASA Astronaut for 15 years, he flew on two space shuttle flights. In 2001, the American Medical Association awarded him the Nathan S. Davis Award for outstanding public service in the advancement of public health. We asked Dr. Bagian to speak with us about his experience transforming safety at in Veterans Affairs hospitals nationwide.
Patient Safety Programs, July 2006
Allan Frankel, MD, is Director of Patient Safety for Partners HealthCare, the merged entity of Harvard hospitals and clinics that includes Massachusetts General and Brigham and Women's Hospital. Dr. Frankel, an anesthesiologist by training, has been a key member of the faculty of the Institute for Healthcare Improvement, co-chairing numerous Adverse Drug Events and Patient Safety Collaboratives. Dr. Frankel's work in patient safety focuses on leadership training, high reliability in health care, teamwork development, and cultural change. We asked Dr. Frankel to speak with us about developing a comprehensive patient safety program.
Pharmacy and Safety, April 2006
Michael Cohen, RPh, MS, ScD, is president of the Institute for Safe Medication Practices (ISMP) and co-editor of ISMP Medication Safety Alert!, a biweekly newsletter. A pharmacist by training, his ground-breaking work and commitment to patient safety and preventing medication errors has spanned three decades. He received one of the prestigious MacArthur Fellowships (informally known as the "genius awards") in 2005.
Disclosing Mistakes, February 2006
John Banja, PhD, is Assistant Director for Health Sciences and Clinical Ethics and Associate Professor of Clinical Ethics at Emory University School of Medicine. Dr. Banja, whose doctorate is in philosophy, is currently participating in AHRQ-funded studies designed to help clinicians communicate more effectively in emotionally charged situations after errors or unforeseen outcomes. His book, Medical Errors and Medical Narcissism, covers issues around the appropriate, ethical disclosure of medical errors by health care professionals.
Organizational Change in the Face of Highly Public Errors—I. The Dana-Farber Cancer Institute Experience
with commentary by James B. Conway; Saul N. Weingart, MD, PhD, Errors in the Media and Organizational Change, May 2005
A decade ago, two tragic medical errors rocked one of the world’s great cancer hospitals, Dana-Farber Cancer Institute (DFCI) in Boston, to its core. The errors led to considerable soul searching and, ultimately, a major change in institutional practices a...