Perspectives on Safety
Narrow Results Clear All
- Communication Improvement 4
- Culture of Safety 5
- Education and Training 1
- Error Reporting and Analysis
- Human Factors Engineering 1
- Legal and Policy Approaches 4
- Logistical Approaches 1
- Quality Improvement Strategies 4
- Technologic Approaches 2
- Family Members and Caregivers 1
- Health Care Executives and Administrators
- Health Care Providers
Non-Health Care Professionals
- Media 1
- Patients 2
with commentary by Sumant Ranji, MD, 2016
The toll of medical errors is often expressed in terms of mortality attributable to patient safety problems. In 2016, there was considerable debate regarding the number of patients who die due to medical errors. This Annual Perspective explores the methodological approaches to estimating mortality attributable to preventable adverse events and discusses the benefits and limitations of existing approaches.
with commentary by Urmimala Sarkar, MD, and Kaveh Shojania, MD, 2016
Opioids are known to be high risk medications, and concerns about patient harm from prescription opioid misuse have been increasing in the United States. This Annual Perspective summarizes research published in 2016 that explored the extent of harm from their use, described problematic prescribing practices that likely contribute to adverse events, and demonstrated some promising practices to foster safer opioid use.
Root Cause Analysis: What Have We Learned?, December 2016
Dr. Bagian is Director of the Center for Healthcare Engineering and Patient Safety at the University of Michigan, and a former astronaut. He co-chaired the team that produced the influential NPSF report entitled, RCA2: Improving Root Cause Analyses and Actions to Prevent Harm.
with commentary by Carl Macrae, PhD, Root Cause Analysis: What Have We Learned?, December 2016
This piece explores how strategies from aviation, such as just culture and monitoring technologies, can be applied in health care to improve patient safety.
with commentary by Barry M. Manuel, MD; Jack L. McCarthy; William Berry, MD, MPH; Kathy Dwyer, Risk Management and Patient Safety, December 2010
In 1990, a Harvard-based research team reported the incidence of medical errors in the state of New York, based on the hospital discharge analysis of 30,121 cases.
Patient Safety in Emergency Medicine, June 2010
Pat Croskerry, MD, PhD, is a professor in emergency medicine at Dalhousie University in Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada. Trained as an experimental psychologist, Dr. Croskerry went on to become an emergency medicine physician, and found himself surprised by the relatively scant amount of attention given to cognitive errors. He has gone on to become one of the world's foremost experts in safety in emergency medicine and in diagnostic errors. We spoke to him about both.
Just Culture, October 2007
An engineer and an attorney by training, David Marx, JD, is president of Outcome Engineering, a risk management firm. After a career focused on safety assessment and improvement in aviation, he has spent the last decade focusing on the interface between systems engineering, human factors, and the law. In 2001, he wrote a seminal paper describing the concept of just culture, which became a focal point for efforts to reconcile notions of "no blame" and "accountability." He has gone on to form the "Just Culture Community" to address these issues at health care institutions around the country.
with commentary by Rosemary Gibson, MSc, The Patient's Role in Safety, March 2007
Patients have three roles in improving patient safety: helping to ensure their own safety, working with health care organizations to improve safety at the organization and unit level, and advocating as citizens for public reporting and accountability of hospital and health system performance. The following case illustrates how patients can help ensure their own safety.
The Transformation of Patient Safety at the VA, September 2006
James P. Bagian, MD, is the Director of the Department of Veterans Affairs National Center for Patient Safety. Dr. Bagian began his career as a mechanical engineer, then became a physician, trained in surgery and anesthesia. A NASA Astronaut for 15 years, he flew on two space shuttle flights. In 2001, the American Medical Association awarded him the Nathan S. Davis Award for outstanding public service in the advancement of public health. We asked Dr. Bagian to speak with us about his experience transforming safety at in Veterans Affairs hospitals nationwide.
with commentary by Kaveh G. Shojania, MD, Research in Patient Safety , June 2005
Five years ago, a widely publicized randomized trial reported a 90% reduction in the incidence of contrast dye-induced renal failure when patients were pretreated with acetylcysteine, an agent previously used to treat acetaminophen overdoses and bronchitis...
Organizational Change in the Face of Highly Public Errors—I. The Dana-Farber Cancer Institute Experience
with commentary by James B. Conway; Saul N. Weingart, MD, PhD, Errors in the Media and Organizational Change, May 2005
A decade ago, two tragic medical errors rocked one of the world’s great cancer hospitals, Dana-Farber Cancer Institute (DFCI) in Boston, to its core. The errors led to considerable soul searching and, ultimately, a major change in institutional practices a...