Perspectives on Safety
Narrow Results Clear All
- Communication Improvement
- Culture of Safety 8
Education and Training
- Students 1
- Error Reporting and Analysis 13
- Human Factors Engineering 9
- Legal and Policy Approaches 14
- Logistical Approaches 4
- Quality Improvement Strategies 10
- Research Directions 1
- Specialization of Care 2
- Teamwork 5
- Technologic Approaches 6
- Device-related Complications 1
- Diagnostic Errors 2
- Discontinuities, Gaps, and Hand-Off Problems 9
- Fatigue and Sleep Deprivation 1
- Medical Complications 4
- Medication Errors/Preventable Adverse Drug Events 5
- Psychological and Social Complications 3
- Surgical Complications 1
- Family Members and Caregivers 2
- Health Care Executives and Administrators
- Health Care Providers
Non-Health Care Professionals
- Media 1
- Patients 3
with commentary by Rachel J. Stern, MD, and Urmimala Sarkar, MD, 2018
Patient engagement is widely acknowledged as a cornerstone of patient safety. Research in 2018 demonstrates that patient engagement, when done correctly, can help health care systems identify safety hazards, regain trust after they occur, and codesign sustainable solutions.
Post-Hospital Syndrome, April 2018
Dr. Krumholz is Professor of Medicine at the University of Yale School of Medicine and Director of the Yale-New Haven Hospital Center for Outcomes Research and Evaluation. We spoke with him about readmissions and post-hospital syndrome, a term he coined in an article in the New England Journal of Medicine to describe the risk of adverse health events in recently hospitalized patients.
with commentary by Katherine Liang and Eric Alper, MD, Post-Hospital Syndrome, April 2018
This piece explores the risks patients face after hospital discharge and strategies to address them, such as patient education, Project RED, and the Care Transitions Intervention.
with commentary by Saul N. Weingart, MD, PhD, Engaging the Patient and Family in Safety, February 2013
This piece highlights the advantages to and limitations of engaging patients in patient safety.
with commentary by Jerry Gurwitz, MD, Safety in Nursing Homes, August 2012
This piece, written by a national leader in safe use of medications in elderly patients, discusses strategies for improving the quality and safety of medication use in the nursing home setting.
with commentary by Susan D. Scott RN, MSN, The Second Victim, May 2011
This piece discusses efforts to ameliorate the impact of errors on providers, including an innovative program to counsel second victims.
Handoffs and Patient Safety, March 2011
An Associate Professor at the University of Chicago, her research focuses on resident duty hours, handoffs, and professionalism.
with commentary by Sunil Kripalani, MD, MSc, Handoffs and Patient Safety, March 2011
This piece discusses how medical centers can improve handover quality and patient safety.
with commentary by Barry M. Manuel, MD; Jack L. McCarthy; William Berry, MD, MPH; Kathy Dwyer, Risk Management and Patient Safety, December 2010
In 1990, a Harvard-based research team reported the incidence of medical errors in the state of New York, based on the hospital discharge analysis of 30,121 cases.
Checklists, October 2010
Peter J. Pronovost, MD, PhD, is a Professor of Anesthesia, Critical Care, and Health Policy at Johns Hopkins University and Director of the Johns Hopkins Quality and Safety Research Group. He may be best known for having led the Michigan Keystone project, which used checklists and other interventions to markedly reduce catheter-associated bloodstream infections in ICUs throughout the state. For this work and more, he received a MacArthur Foundation Fellowship, and Time Magazine named him as one of the 100 most influential people in the world. We asked him to speak with us about checklists and other thoughts about the science of improving patient safety.
with commentary by Anne Collins McLaughlin, PhD, Checklists, October 2010
The use of checklists is a primitive yet remarkably effective strategy for ensuring accuracy in complex tasks. Checklists have long been used in fields such as aviation and space exploration but have only recently made headway in medicine. The reluctance of medical professionals to adopt checklists is often framed as pushback against "more paperwork" and "cookbook medicine," or due to disbelief in their effectiveness. However, a rich literature has helped establish many best practices in checklist design, and health care now stands to benefit.
with commentary by Arpana R. Vidyarthi, MD; Robert B. Baron, MD, MS, Medical Education and Patient Safety, February 2010
Clear health communication is increasingly recognized as essential for promoting patient safety. Yet according to a recent Joint Commission report, What Did the Doctor Say? Improving Health Literacy to Protect Patient Safety, communication problems among health care providers, patients, and families are common and a leading root cause of adverse outcomes.(1) Addressing health literacy—the capacity of individuals to obtain, process, and understand basic health information and services needed to make appropriate health decisions—has become a primary objective for many health systems in order to protect patients from harm.
Workarounds, August 2009
with commentary by Anita L. Tucker, DBA, MS, Workarounds, August 2009
Frontline health care providers are challenged by poorly performing work systems. Required equipment is broken, patient medications are in the wrong dose, key information fails to get communicated, and essential supplies are out of stock.(
Health Literacy and Safety, February-March 2009
Dean Schillinger, MD, is a Professor of Medicine at University of California, San Francisco, Director of the UCSF Center for Vulnerable Populations, and Chief of the California Diabetes Prevention and Control Program. His role as a practicing clinician at a safety net hospital (San Francisco General Hospital) has put him in a unique position to pursue influential and relevant research related to health literacy and improving care for vulnerable populations.
with commentary by Michael S. Wolf, PhD, MPH; Stacy Cooper Bailey, MPH, Health Literacy and Safety, February-March 2009
Clear health communication is increasingly recognized as essential for promoting patient safety. Yet according to a recent Joint Commission report, What Did the Doctor Say? Improving Health Literacy to Protect Patient Safety, communication problems among health care providers, patients, and families are common and a leading root cause of adverse outcomes. Addressing health literacy—the capacity of individuals to obtain, process, and understand basic health information and services needed to make appropriate health decisions—has become a primary objective for many health systems in order to protect patients from harm.
Patient Disclosure and Apology, January 2009
Thomas H. Gallagher, MD, is Associate Professor in the Department of Medicine and the Department of Medical History and Ethics at the University of Washington in Seattle. Dr. Gallagher's current research covers the disclosure of medical errors, examining patients' and doctors' attitudes about disclosure, how best to train providers to disclose and apologize for errors, and how to create a system that promotes appropriate disclosure. We asked him to speak with us about new developments in the field of patient disclosure and apologies.
with commentary by Allen Kachalia, MD, JD, Patient Disclosure and Apology, January 2009
Disclosure of medical error is inextricably linked to today's patient safety efforts. Health care experts advocate that greater disclosure is necessary to achieve complete transparency and ameliorate barriers to error reporting.(1,2) Of course, the ethical obligations triggered by the occurrence of a medical error are not to be overlooked. Principles of fiduciary duty, patient autonomy, and equity all strongly support the ethical and moral mandate for physicians to disclose harmful errors to patients.(3) These principles weigh in favor of disclosure even if it is contrary to the physician's interests (e.g., malpractice risk or reputation). As a result, the issue of disclosure garners tremendous attention in today's medical literature.
Prevention of Urinary Tract Infections: Lessons for Patient Safety, November 2008
Sanjay Saint, MD, MPH, is Professor of Medicine at the University of Michigan and the Ann Arbor VA Medical Center in Ann Arbor, Michigan. Dr. Saint's research has focused on reducing health care–associated infections, with a particular focus on preventing catheter-related urinary tract infections (UTIs). We asked him to speak with us about how research on UTI prevention provides broader lessons for patient safety.
Improving Transitions in Care, December 2007
Eric A. Coleman, MD, MPH, is Associate Professor of Medicine at the University of Colorado. Trained in both geriatrics and health services research, Dr. Coleman has emerged as one of the world's leading authorities on issues surrounding transitions of care, particularly between acute and postacute settings. His care model, the Care Transitions Intervention, is being adopted by leading health care organizations around the country. The Intervention has been associated with significant decreases in rehospitalization rates.