Perspectives on Safety
Narrow Results Clear All
- Communication Improvement 5
- Culture of Safety 5
- Education and Training 6
- Error Reporting and Analysis 4
- Human Factors Engineering 1
- Legal and Policy Approaches 2
- Logistical Approaches 1
- Quality Improvement Strategies 1
- Technologic Approaches 1
with commentary by David P. Baker, PhD; James B. Battles, PhD; Heidi B. King, MS, Update on Teamwork, February 2017
This piece outlines 10 insights about team training in health care learned from experience with the AHRQ-supported teamwork training program, TeamSTEPPS.
Workarounds, August 2009
Patient Disclosure and Apology, January 2009
Thomas H. Gallagher, MD, is Associate Professor in the Department of Medicine and the Department of Medical History and Ethics at the University of Washington in Seattle. Dr. Gallagher's current research covers the disclosure of medical errors, examining patients' and doctors' attitudes about disclosure, how best to train providers to disclose and apologize for errors, and how to create a system that promotes appropriate disclosure. We asked him to speak with us about new developments in the field of patient disclosure and apologies.
Safety Culture, December 2006
J. Bryan Sexton, PhD, MA, is Assistant Professor, Department of Anesthesiology and Critical Care Medicine, at the Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine. Trained as a social psychologist, he has become one of the world's foremost authorities on the role of culture in patient safety. He developed the widely used Safety Attitudes Questionnaire and is one of the lead investigators of the Michigan Keystone ICU project, which aims to change practice and culture in intensive care units (ICUs) throughout the state. His research examines the connections between attitudes, behaviors, and outcomes in high-risk team environments, particularly aviation and medicine. We asked him to speak with us about safety climate surveys and efforts to change safety culture.
Patient Safety Programs, July 2006
Allan Frankel, MD, is Director of Patient Safety for Partners HealthCare, the merged entity of Harvard hospitals and clinics that includes Massachusetts General and Brigham and Women's Hospital. Dr. Frankel, an anesthesiologist by training, has been a key member of the faculty of the Institute for Healthcare Improvement, co-chairing numerous Adverse Drug Events and Patient Safety Collaboratives. Dr. Frankel's work in patient safety focuses on leadership training, high reliability in health care, teamwork development, and cultural change. We asked Dr. Frankel to speak with us about developing a comprehensive patient safety program.
with commentary by David M. Gaba, MD, Point–Counterpoint: Simulation vs. Team Training, March 2006
Let’s take as a given that improving the ability of individuals and teams to function “as a team” is important in health care, especially in highly dynamic clinical environments.(1) How can this best be accomplished? In a comprehensive approach to teamwork...
with commentary by Stephen D. Pratt, MD and Benjamin P. Sachs, MB, Point–Counterpoint: Simulation vs. Team Training, March 2006
In recent years, the medical community has reached a near-consensus that team training and Crew Resource Management (CRM) techniques can improve patient safety. However, the most effective way to teach and implement these concepts is much less clear...
with commentary by Eric J. Thomas, MD, MPH, Aviation and Patient Safety, January 2006
On August 2, 2005, Air France flight 358 crashed while landing in Toronto. In less than 2 minutes, the crew evacuated 309 passengers. Several minutes later, the plane burst into flames.(1) Crashes like this are remarkably rare, yet the crew was prepared to...
Aviation and Patient Safety, January 2006
Jack Barker, PhD, is Vice President of Research and Development for Mach One Leadership and a commercial pilot for a major airline. Dr. Barker began his career in the Air Force and proceeded to get his doctorate in cognitive psychology. His research has centered on high-performance teams, crew resource management (CRM), and training. He has trained hundreds of commercial airline pilots, as well as pilots and others working for NASA in the Space Shuttle program and Mars mission. His company, like several others, works with health care providers and organizations in an effort to translate aviation safety principles to health care.
with commentary by Robert M. Wachter, MD, Patient Safety Initiatives, September 2005
Translational research is all the rage in biomedicine. In its purest form, the concept refers to the translation of basic research discoveries into clinical applications, followed by patient-oriented studies to demonstrate benefit.(1) Increasingly, it also...