Perspectives on Safety
Narrow Results Clear All
- Communication Improvement 2
- Human Factors Engineering 3
- Legal and Policy Approaches 1
- Quality Improvement Strategies 3
- Clinical Information Systems 2
with commentary by Christopher Nemeth, PhD, Unintended Consequences, June 2011
This piece discusses how adopting new technology can have unintended effects.
Prevention of Urinary Tract Infections: Lessons for Patient Safety, November 2008
Sanjay Saint, MD, MPH, is Professor of Medicine at the University of Michigan and the Ann Arbor VA Medical Center in Ann Arbor, Michigan. Dr. Saint's research has focused on reducing health care–associated infections, with a particular focus on preventing catheter-related urinary tract infections (UTIs). We asked him to speak with us about how research on UTI prevention provides broader lessons for patient safety.
with commentary by Lindsay E. Nicolle, MD , Prevention of Urinary Tract Infections: Lessons for Patient Safety, November 2008
Urinary tract infection (UTI) is the most common hospital-acquired infection, accounting for 40% of all hospital-acquired infections. More than 80% of these infections are attributable to use of an indwelling urethral catheter.(1) Catheter-acquired urinary infections (cUTIs) have received significantly less attention than other health care–acquired infections, such as surgical site infections, ventilator-associated pneumonia, and bacteremia.
with commentary by Jeffrey M. Rothschild, MD, MPH; Carol Keohane, RN, BSN, Bar Coding for Medication Safety, September 2008
Medication safety in hospitals depends on the successful execution of a complex system of scores of individual tasks that can be categorized into five stages: ordering or prescribing, preparing, dispensing, transcribing, and monitoring the patient's response. Many of these tasks lend themselves to technologic tools. Over the past 20 years, technology has played an increasingly larger role toward achieving the five rights of medication safety: getting the right dose of the right drug to the right patient using the right route and at the right time. While several of these technologies may incur significant upfront and maintenance costs, the net impact over time may be reduced overall institutional costs and improvements in work efficiency. Examples of technologic tools commonly seen in many hospitals today include computerized provider order entry (CPOE) with decision support and automatic dispensing carts, also known as medication dispensing robots. While outside the scope of this Perspective, it is important to emphasize that many nontechnologic interventions, such as clinical pharmacists on physician rounds, can be equally effective in improving medication safety.
Human Factors, November 2006
Don Norman, PhD, is well known for his books "The Design of Everyday Things" and "Emotional Design." Although not focused on health care, his work introduced many in health care to the concepts of human factors engineering and to the importance of thoughtful design in ensuring that technology is used for its intended purposes. He is cofounder of the Nielsen Norman Group, professor at Northwestern University, and former vice president of Apple Computer. Dr. Norman is now writing "The Design of Future Things," discussing the role that automation will play in our everyday lives. We asked Dr. Norman to speak with us about human-centered design.