Perspectives on Safety
Narrow Results Clear All
- Communication Improvement 4
- Culture of Safety 9
- Education and Training 1
- Error Reporting and Analysis
- Human Factors Engineering 2
- Legal and Policy Approaches 8
- Logistical Approaches 1
- Quality Improvement Strategies 11
- Teamwork 1
- Technologic Approaches 4
- Diagnostic Errors 2
- Fatigue and Sleep Deprivation 1
- Identification Errors 1
- Medical Complications 3
- Medication Safety 7
- Nonsurgical Procedural Complications 1
- Psychological and Social Complications 4
- Surgical Complications 3
- Family Members and Caregivers 1
- Health Care Executives and Administrators
- Health Care Providers 11
Non-Health Care Professionals
- Media 1
- Patients 2
with commentary by Julia E. Szymczak, PhD, Presenteeism: A Patient Safety Challenge, October 2017
This piece explores the risks of presenteeism among health care workers and factors, such as cultural expectations, that contribute to its occurrence.
The Weekend Effect, June 2017
Professor Aylin is Professor of Epidemiology and Public Health at Imperial College London. We spoke with him about the weekend effect in health care—the observation that patients admitted to the hospital over the weekend often have worse outcomes than those admitted during the week.
with commentary by Vanessa K. Martin, DO, MS; Nasim Mirnateghi, PhD; and Mahdi Khoshchehreh, MD, MS, The Weekend Effect, June 2017
This piece explores the weekend effect in cardiology and recommends allowing invasive management for patients with non ST-elevation myocardial infarction to improve outcomes in this group.
Opioids and Patient Safety, May 2017
Dr. Juurlink is professor of medicine, pediatrics, and health policy at the University of Toronto, where he is also director of the Division of Clinical Pharmacology and Toxicology. We spoke with him about the opioid epidemic and strategies to address this growing patient safety concern.
with commentary by Irene Berita Murimi, PhD, MA, and G. Caleb Alexander, MD, MS, Opioids and Patient Safety, May 2017
This piece explores the opioid epidemic in the United States, including factors that led to increased opioid prescribing, its adverse effects, and tactics to reduce opioid-related harm.
with commentary by Sumant Ranji, MD, 2016
The toll of medical errors is often expressed in terms of mortality attributable to patient safety problems. In 2016, there was considerable debate regarding the number of patients who die due to medical errors. This Annual Perspective explores the methodological approaches to estimating mortality attributable to preventable adverse events and discusses the benefits and limitations of existing approaches.
with commentary by Urmimala Sarkar, MD, and Kaveh Shojania, MD, 2016
Opioids are known to be high risk medications, and concerns about patient harm from prescription opioid misuse have been increasing in the United States. This Annual Perspective summarizes research published in 2016 that explored the extent of harm from their use, described problematic prescribing practices that likely contribute to adverse events, and demonstrated some promising practices to foster safer opioid use.
with commentary by Kiran Gupta, MD, MPH, and Audrey Lyndon, PhD, 2016
Root cause analysis is widely accepted as a key component of patient safety programs. In 2016, the literature outlined ongoing problems with the root cause analysis process and shed light on opportunities to improve its application in health care. This Annual Perspective reviews concerns about the root cause analysis process and highlights recommendations for improvement put forth by the National Patient Safety Foundation.
Root Cause Analysis: What Have We Learned?, December 2016
Dr. Bagian is Director of the Center for Healthcare Engineering and Patient Safety at the University of Michigan, and a former astronaut. He co-chaired the team that produced the influential NPSF report entitled, RCA2: Improving Root Cause Analyses and Actions to Prevent Harm.
with commentary by Carl Macrae, PhD, Root Cause Analysis: What Have We Learned?, December 2016
This piece explores how strategies from aviation, such as just culture and monitoring technologies, can be applied in health care to improve patient safety.
with commentary by Barry M. Manuel, MD; Jack L. McCarthy; William Berry, MD, MPH; Kathy Dwyer, Risk Management and Patient Safety, December 2010
In 1990, a Harvard-based research team reported the incidence of medical errors in the state of New York, based on the hospital discharge analysis of 30,121 cases.
Patient Safety in Emergency Medicine, June 2010
Pat Croskerry, MD, PhD, is a professor in emergency medicine at Dalhousie University in Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada. Trained as an experimental psychologist, Dr. Croskerry went on to become an emergency medicine physician, and found himself surprised by the relatively scant amount of attention given to cognitive errors. He has gone on to become one of the world's foremost experts in safety in emergency medicine and in diagnostic errors. We spoke to him about both.
Accreditation and Regulation, April 2009
Mark R. Chassin, MD, MPP, MPH, is president of The Joint Commission, the preeminent standard setting and accrediting organization in health care in the United States and, increasingly, the world. Over the course of his notable career, Dr. Chassin, an emergency medicine physician, has held a variety of key positions, including New York State Health Commissioner and chair of the department of health policy at Mt. Sinai. He has published several seminal papers and was a member of the team that authored the IOM report, "To Err Is Human." We asked him to speak with us about his role at The Joint Commission, as well as future directions for the organization.
Does Root Cause Analysis Work?, July 2008
Albert Wu, MD, MPH, is Professor of Health Policy and Management at the Johns Hopkins School of Public Health and is presently working with the World Health Organization's World Alliance for Patient Safety, based in Geneva. He is a leading expert on several aspects of patient safety, including disclosure and evaluation. He recently wrote a commentary on the use of root cause analysis in patient safety in the Journal of the American Medical Association (JAMA).
with commentary by Patrice Spath, BA, RHIT, and William Minogue, MD, Does Root Cause Analysis Work?, July 2008
Throughout most of his life, 19th century French chemist Louis Pasteur insisted that germs were the cause of disease, not the body. It wasn't until Pasteur was nearing the end of his life that he came to believe just the opposite. After reaching this conclusion, he declined treatment for potentially curable pneumonia, reportedly saying, "It is the soil, not the seed."(1) In other words, a germ (the seed) causes disease when our bodies (the soil) provide a hospitable environment.
Just Culture, October 2007
An engineer and an attorney by training, David Marx, JD, is president of Outcome Engineering, a risk management firm. After a career focused on safety assessment and improvement in aviation, he has spent the last decade focusing on the interface between systems engineering, human factors, and the law. In 2001, he wrote a seminal paper describing the concept of just culture, which became a focal point for efforts to reconcile notions of "no blame" and "accountability." He has gone on to form the "Just Culture Community" to address these issues at health care institutions around the country.
State Error Reporting Systems, June 2007
Diane Rydrych, MA, is Assistant Director of the Division of Health Policy at the Minnesota Department of Health, where she oversees their successful and influential adverse health events reporting system. We asked her to speak with us about the Minnesota initiative and some of the broader lessons for state error reporting systems.
with commentary by Jill Rosenthal, MPH, State Error Reporting Systems, June 2007
Seven years ago, the Institute of Medicine (IOM) called on states to create mandatory reporting systems as part of a strategy to identify and learn about medical errors and ultimately to improve patient safety. Since then, many states have responded by creating or improving reporting systems to collect information about hospital-based adverse events. These systems can provide states with an opportunity to strengthen their facility oversight functions, safeguard the public, and partner with providers to improve health care quality.
with commentary by Rosemary Gibson, MSc, The Patient's Role in Safety, March 2007
Patients have three roles in improving patient safety: helping to ensure their own safety, working with health care organizations to improve safety at the organization and unit level, and advocating as citizens for public reporting and accountability of hospital and health system performance. The following case illustrates how patients can help ensure their own safety.
The Transformation of Patient Safety at the VA, September 2006
James P. Bagian, MD, is the Director of the Department of Veterans Affairs National Center for Patient Safety. Dr. Bagian began his career as a mechanical engineer, then became a physician, trained in surgery and anesthesia. A NASA Astronaut for 15 years, he flew on two space shuttle flights. In 2001, the American Medical Association awarded him the Nathan S. Davis Award for outstanding public service in the advancement of public health. We asked Dr. Bagian to speak with us about his experience transforming safety at in Veterans Affairs hospitals nationwide.