Perspectives on Safety
Narrow Results Clear All
- Communication Improvement 5
- Culture of Safety 1
- Education and Training 7
- Error Reporting and Analysis 2
- Human Factors Engineering 1
- Legal and Policy Approaches 4
- Logistical Approaches
- Policies and Operations 1
- Quality Improvement Strategies 3
- Specialization of Care 1
- Teamwork 2
- Technologic Approaches 3
- Diagnostic Errors 2
- Discontinuities, Gaps, and Hand-Off Problems 7
- Fatigue and Sleep Deprivation 9
- Identification Errors 1
- Medical Complications 1
- Medication Safety 3
- Psychological and Social Complications 1
- Surgical Complications 1
Nursing and Patient Safety, March 2018
Dr. Aiken is Claire M. Fagin Leadership Professor of Nursing, Professor of Sociology, and Director of the Center for Health Outcomes and Policy Research at University of Pennsylvania. She is generally considered the nation's foremost expert on health policy as it relates to the nursing workforce. We spoke with her about how nurse staffing and the work environment can affect patient safety and outcomes.
with commentary by Jane Ball, PhD, and Peter Griffiths, PhD, Nursing and Patient Safety, March 2018
This piece explores how missed nursing care may explain the association between low nurse staffing levels and increased mortality in hospital patients.
with commentary by Kathy Malloy; Timothy P. Brigham, PhD; Thomas J. Nasca, MD, Resident Duty Hours Policy Changes, August 2017
This piece reviews how changes to the ACGME requirements emphasize patient safety and quality improvement, address physician well-being, strengthen expectations around team-based care, and create flexibility for work hours within the maximum 80-hour workweek.
Update on Sleep Deprivation, April 2013
Christopher P. Landrigan, MD, MPH, of Brigham and Women's Hospital has performed key studies on how sleep deprivation affects clinicians and strategies to mitigate such fatigue to improve patient safety, including seminal articles published in the New England Journal of Medicine in 2004 and 2010.
with commentary by Kathlyn E. Fletcher, MD, MA; Darcy A. Reed, MD, MPH, Update on Sleep Deprivation, April 2013
This article discusses evidence surrounding the impact of resident duty hour limits on safety in health care.
Nurse Staffing and Patient Safety, September 2012
Prof. Needleman has performed some of the key studies on how the nursing workforce influences health outcomes, including seminal articles published in the New England Journal of Medicine in 2002 and 2011.
with commentary by Peter I. Buerhaus, PhD, RN, Nurse Staffing and Patient Safety, September 2012
This piece describes federal initiatives aimed at preparing the nursing workforce needed to match future demand and to navigate changes vital to improving health care.
with commentary by C. Jessica Dine, MD, MA; and Jennifer S. Myers, MD, Resident Supervision and Patient Safety, February 2012
This piece discusses how increased supervision influences the educational experience for trainees.
Handoffs and Patient Safety, March 2011
An Associate Professor at the University of Chicago, her research focuses on resident duty hours, handoffs, and professionalism.
Patient Safety in Emergency Medicine, June 2010
Pat Croskerry, MD, PhD, is a professor in emergency medicine at Dalhousie University in Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada. Trained as an experimental psychologist, Dr. Croskerry went on to become an emergency medicine physician, and found himself surprised by the relatively scant amount of attention given to cognitive errors. He has gone on to become one of the world's foremost experts in safety in emergency medicine and in diagnostic errors. We spoke to him about both.
with commentary by David P. Sklar, MD; Cameron Crandall, MD, Patient Safety in Emergency Medicine, June 2010
Emergency medicine has evolved from a location, with variably trained and experienced providers ("the ER"), to a discipline with a well-defined knowledge base and skill set that focus on the diagnosis and care of undifferentiated acute problems.(1) The importance of rapid diagnosis and treatment of serious conditions (e.g., myocardial infarction, stroke, trauma, and sepsis) has made timeliness not simply a determinant of patient satisfaction but also a significant safety and quality concern—delays in care can be deadly.(2) Emergency physicians (EPs) have identified delays caused by crowding from boarding of admitted patients as their most significant safety problem.(3) We present a model for understanding emergency department (ED) patient safety and identify solutions by deconstructing care into three realms: individual provider, patient, and environmental system (Table).
Medical Education and Patient Safety, February 2010
Thomas J. Nasca, MD, is the executive director and chief executive officer of the Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education (ACGME). Prior to joining the ACGME in 2007, Dr. Nasca, a nephrologist, was dean of Jefferson Medical College and Senior Vice President for Academic Affairs of Thomas Jefferson University. We asked him to speak with us about the role of the ACGME in patient safety.
with commentary by Arpana R. Vidyarthi, MD; Robert B. Baron, MD, MS, Medical Education and Patient Safety, February 2010
Clear health communication is increasingly recognized as essential for promoting patient safety. Yet according to a recent Joint Commission report, What Did the Doctor Say? Improving Health Literacy to Protect Patient Safety, communication problems among health care providers, patients, and families are common and a leading root cause of adverse outcomes.(1) Addressing health literacy—the capacity of individuals to obtain, process, and understand basic health information and services needed to make appropriate health decisions—has become a primary objective for many health systems in order to protect patients from harm.
with commentary by Anita L. Tucker, DBA, MS, Workarounds, August 2009
Frontline health care providers are challenged by poorly performing work systems. Required equipment is broken, patient medications are in the wrong dose, key information fails to get communicated, and essential supplies are out of stock.(
Bar Coding for Medication Safety, September 2008
Eric G. Poon, MD, MPH, is Director of Clinical Informatics at Brigham and Women’s Hospital and Assistant Professor of Medicine at Harvard Medical School. Dr. Poon’s research has focused on using health information technology to improve patient safety. He oversees the development and implementation of clinical applications including computerized physician order entry (CPOE) and barcode-assisted electronic medication administration record, and was lead author on the first rigorous study demonstrating the impact of a bar coding system in a hospital pharmacy. We asked him to speak with us about how such technology can augment medication safety.
with commentary by Nancy C. Elder, MD, MSPH, Outpatient Safety, May 2006
Dr. Jones was sure he had increased Mr. H's cholesterol-lowering medication to 80 mg 6 months ago, but, at his visit today, his pill bottle still says 40 mg. In reviewing Ms. B's chart in preparation for performing a well-woman examination, Dr. Smith find...
with commentary by Robert M. Wachter, MD, Patient Safety Initiatives, September 2005
Translational research is all the rage in biomedicine. In its purest form, the concept refers to the translation of basic research discoveries into clinical applications, followed by patient-oriented studies to demonstrate benefit.(1) Increasingly, it also...
with commentary by Linda H. Aiken, PhD, RN , Nursing and Patient Safety , July-August 2005
The goal set by the Institute of Medicine (IOM) in 1999 to reduce medical errors by half within 5 years has not been achieved. Opinion polls of consumers and health professionals show that concerns about patient safety remain high. Yet only 16% of hospital...
Nursing and Patient Safety , July-August 2005
Barbara A. Blakeney, MS, RN, is President of the 150,000-member American Nurses Association (ANA). A nurse practitioner and expert in public health practice, policy, and primary care, Ms. Blakeney is on leave from the Boston Public Health Commission, where she has been director of health care services for the homeless. She is the recipient of numerous awards and has been named to Modern Healthcare Magazine's list of the 100 most influential people in health care for the past 3 years.