Perspectives on Safety
Narrow Results Clear All
- Communication Improvement 6
- Education and Training 7
- Error Reporting and Analysis 10
- Legal and Policy Approaches 3
- Logistical Approaches 3
- Quality Improvement Strategies 13
- Research Directions 1
- Teamwork 1
- Technologic Approaches 9
- Diagnostic Errors
- Discontinuities, Gaps, and Hand-Off Problems 3
- Fatigue and Sleep Deprivation 2
- Delirium 2
- Medication Safety 3
- Nonsurgical Procedural Complications 1
- Psychological and Social Complications 2
- Surgical Complications 2
Patient Safety in Emergency Medicine, June 2010
Pat Croskerry, MD, PhD, is a professor in emergency medicine at Dalhousie University in Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada. Trained as an experimental psychologist, Dr. Croskerry went on to become an emergency medicine physician, and found himself surprised by the relatively scant amount of attention given to cognitive errors. He has gone on to become one of the world's foremost experts in safety in emergency medicine and in diagnostic errors. We spoke to him about both.
with commentary by David P. Sklar, MD; Cameron Crandall, MD, Patient Safety in Emergency Medicine, June 2010
Emergency medicine has evolved from a location, with variably trained and experienced providers ("the ER"), to a discipline with a well-defined knowledge base and skill set that focus on the diagnosis and care of undifferentiated acute problems.(1) The importance of rapid diagnosis and treatment of serious conditions (e.g., myocardial infarction, stroke, trauma, and sepsis) has made timeliness not simply a determinant of patient satisfaction but also a significant safety and quality concern—delays in care can be deadly.(2) Emergency physicians (EPs) have identified delays caused by crowding from boarding of admitted patients as their most significant safety problem.(3) We present a model for understanding emergency department (ED) patient safety and identify solutions by deconstructing care into three realms: individual provider, patient, and environmental system (Table).
with commentary by Richard J. Baron, MD, The Business Case for Improving Safety, May 2009
Most patient interactions with the health care system occur in the outpatient setting. Many potential and actual safety problems occur there as well.(1) Yet patient safety literature and practice do not seem to have reached deeply into ambulatory care. This is likely due to a combination of factors: in most practices, there is no layer of administration providing a second look at routine policies and procedures; there is no accrediting agency, like The Joint Commission, to mandate safe practices (2); and those of us in office practice are so consumed with simply getting through the day that it is difficult to recognize the problems, large and small, that can lead to major safety hazards. The business case for safety, such as it is, relies almost entirely on the malpractice rate-setting process: errors that result in litigation lead to higher premiums and personal and professional misery. However, as Studdert (3) has argued, relying on the malpractice system to identify and "correct" errors is unlikely to be timely or productive.
with commentary by James M. Naessens, ScD, Not Paying for Errors: A Policy Perspective, October 2008
Interest is growing in the use of existing data sources to identify opportunities to improve the delivery and safety of medical care, to measure and compare quality and patient safety, and even to change provider incentives through pay for performance initiatives.
with commentary by Mark L. Graber, MD, Diagnostic Errors, February 2007
Strike 3—You're OUT! Many a baseball game hinges on the accuracy of calls made by the men in black behind home plate. Umpires make crucial split-second decisions under conditions of substantial pressure and uncertainty, a challenge familiar to front-line...
Diagnostic Errors, February 2007
Joseph Britto, MD, is CEO and Co-founder of Isabel Healthcare Inc. Isabel, a clinical decision support system, was founded in 1999 by Britto and Jason and Charlotte Maude, whose daughter Isabel was harmed by a medical error. The company has been profiled in the Wall Street Journal, and the system has undergone several validation studies. We asked Dr. Britto to talk with us about eradicating diagnosis errors through diagnosis decision support systems.