Perspectives on Safety
Narrow Results Clear All
- Communication Improvement 5
- Culture of Safety 6
- Education and Training 3
- Error Reporting and Analysis 11
- Human Factors Engineering 1
- Legal and Policy Approaches 5
- Logistical Approaches 1
- Quality Improvement Strategies 5
- Research Directions 1
- Teamwork 1
- Technologic Approaches 3
with commentary by Audrey Lyndon, RN, PhD, 2018
This perspective examines the troubling decline in maternal health outcomes in the United States and summarizes recent national initiatives to improve safety in maternity care.
with commentary by Rachel J. Stern, MD, and Urmimala Sarkar, MD, 2018
Patient engagement is widely acknowledged as a cornerstone of patient safety. Research in 2018 demonstrates that patient engagement, when done correctly, can help health care systems identify safety hazards, regain trust after they occur, and codesign sustainable solutions.
Post-Hospital Syndrome, April 2018
Dr. Krumholz is Professor of Medicine at the University of Yale School of Medicine and Director of the Yale-New Haven Hospital Center for Outcomes Research and Evaluation. We spoke with him about readmissions and post-hospital syndrome, a term he coined in an article in the New England Journal of Medicine to describe the risk of adverse health events in recently hospitalized patients.
with commentary by Sumant Ranji, MD, 2017
A considerable body of evidence demonstrates worsened clinical outcomes for patients admitted to the hospital on weekends compared to those admitted on weekdays. This Annual Perspective summarizes innovative studies published in 2017 that helped clarify the magnitude of this effect and identify possible mechanisms by which it occurs.
with commentary by Julia E. Szymczak, PhD, Presenteeism: A Patient Safety Challenge, October 2017
This piece explores the risks of presenteeism among health care workers and factors, such as cultural expectations, that contribute to its occurrence.
The Weekend Effect, June 2017
Professor Aylin is Professor of Epidemiology and Public Health at Imperial College London. We spoke with him about the weekend effect in health care—the observation that patients admitted to the hospital over the weekend often have worse outcomes than those admitted during the week.
with commentary by Vanessa K. Martin, DO, MS; Nasim Mirnateghi, PhD; and Mahdi Khoshchehreh, MD, MS, The Weekend Effect, June 2017
This piece explores the weekend effect in cardiology and recommends allowing invasive management for patients with non ST-elevation myocardial infarction to improve outcomes in this group.
with commentary by Christopher Moriates, MD, and Robert M. Wachter, MD, 2015
While the patient safety world has largely embraced the concept of a just culture for many years, in 2015 the discussion moved toward tackling some of the specifics and many gray areas that must be addressed to realize this ideal. This Annual Perspective reviews the context of the "no blame" movement and the recent shift toward a framework of a just culture, which incorporates appropriate accountability in health care.
with commentary by Audrey Lyndon, PhD, 2015
Clinician burnout is prevalent across health care settings and may impair clinicians' ability to maintain safe practices and detect emerging safety threats. This Annual Perspective summarizes studies published in 2015, with a particular focus on the relationship between burnout and patient safety, and interventions to address burnout among clinicians.
Joy in Practice, February 2016
Dr. Sinsky is the Vice President for Professional Satisfaction at the American Medical Association and a primary care physician in Dubuque, IA. We spoke with her about physician professional satisfaction, including its relationship to patient outcomes and safety.
with commentary by Mark Friedberg, MD, MPP, Joy in Practice, February 2016
This piece highlights the importance of focusing on physician professional satisfaction as a way to determine potential patient safety hazards and improve health care quality.
New Insights on Safety and Health IT, July/August 2015
Dr. Wachter is Professor and the Interim Chairman of the Department of Medicine at UCSF. We talked with him about his new book, The Digital Doctor: Hope, Hype, and Harm at the Dawn of Medicine's Computer Age.
The Second Victim, May 2011
A Professor at Johns Hopkins University, he coined the term “second victim” to describe the toll that errors take on providers.
with commentary by Susan D. Scott RN, MSN, The Second Victim, May 2011
This piece discusses efforts to ameliorate the impact of errors on providers, including an innovative program to counsel second victims.
Patient Safety in Emergency Medicine, June 2010
Pat Croskerry, MD, PhD, is a professor in emergency medicine at Dalhousie University in Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada. Trained as an experimental psychologist, Dr. Croskerry went on to become an emergency medicine physician, and found himself surprised by the relatively scant amount of attention given to cognitive errors. He has gone on to become one of the world's foremost experts in safety in emergency medicine and in diagnostic errors. We spoke to him about both.
High-Risk Physicians and Disruptive Behaviors, December 2009
Gerald B. Hickson, MD, is one of the world's leading experts on physician behavior and its connection to clinical outcomes and medical malpractice. He is a Professor at the Vanderbilt University School of Medicine, where he is also the Joseph C. Ross Chair in Medical Education and Administration, Associate Dean for Clinical Affairs, Director of the Vanderbilt Center for Patient and Professional Advocacy, and Director of Clinical Risk and Loss Prevention. We asked him to speak with us about high-risk physicians and malpractice.
with commentary by Alan H. Rosenstein, MD, MBA; Michelle O'Daniel, MSG, MHA, High-Risk Physicians and Disruptive Behaviors, December 2009
The 1999 Institute of Medicine report highlighted the need for health care providers to address the serious concerns raised about the quality and safety of patient care being provided in our health care organizations. Organizations responded by looking at new ways to fix the system, mostly through the introduction of new technologies and system/process redesign. Advances have been made, but there are still significant opportunities for improvement. Is the barrier poor system or process design, or is it related to addressing basic human behaviors?
with commentary by Paul Barach, MD, MPH , The Law and Patient Safety, December 2005
Quality health care and patient safety have emerged as major concerns in society. The Institute of Medicine’s report entitled To Err is Human: Building a Safer Health System led to considerable discussion in both the public and private sectors on the need...