Perspectives on Safety
Narrow Results Clear All
- Communication Improvement 48
- Culture of Safety 51
Education and Training
- Simulators 10
- Students 4
Error Reporting and Analysis
- Error Analysis 33
- Human Factors Engineering 31
Legal and Policy Approaches
- Regulation 15
- Logistical Approaches 25
- Policies and Operations 1
- Quality Improvement Strategies 97
- Research Directions 2
- Specialization of Care 8
- Teamwork 17
- Clinical Information Systems 32
- Transparency and Accountability 1
- Alert fatigue 3
- Device-related Complications 7
- Diagnostic Errors 26
- Discontinuities, Gaps, and Hand-Off Problems 19
- Fatigue and Sleep Deprivation 12
- Identification Errors 2
- Delirium 3
- Medication Errors/Preventable Adverse Drug Events 15
- Nonsurgical Procedural Complications 6
- Psychological and Social Complications 18
- Surgical Complications 20
- Dentistry 2
- Gynecology 53
- Surgery 15
- Nursing 12
- Pharmacy 12
- Family Members and Caregivers 6
- Health Care Executives and Administrators 206
Health Care Providers
- Nurses 7
- Physicians 36
Non-Health Care Professionals
- Educators 32
- Media 1
- Patients 7
with commentary by Audrey Lyndon, RN, PhD, 2018
This perspective examines the troubling decline in maternal health outcomes in the United States and summarizes recent national initiatives to improve safety in maternity care.
with commentary by Rachel J. Stern, MD, and Urmimala Sarkar, MD, 2018
Patient engagement is widely acknowledged as a cornerstone of patient safety. Research in 2018 demonstrates that patient engagement, when done correctly, can help health care systems identify safety hazards, regain trust after they occur, and codesign sustainable solutions.
The Comprehensive Care Physician Model, November 2018
Dr. Meltzer is the Fanny L. Pritzker Professor of Medicine, Chief of the Section of Hospital Medicine, and Director of the Center for Health and the Social Sciences at the University of Chicago. His research aims to improve the quality and lower the cost of hospital care. We spoke with him about the Comprehensive Care Physician Model, which he pioneered and was recently featured in an article in The New York Times Magazine.
with commentary by Robert Wachter, MD, The Comprehensive Care Physician Model, November 2018
This piece, written by the physician who coined the term "hospitalist," provides an overview of the hospitalist model and reflects on key advantages of and challenges faced by the Comprehensive Care Physician Model.
Safety in the Retail Pharmacy, October 2018
Dr. Cohen is President of the Institute for Safe Medication Practices, a nonprofit organization that operates the voluntary and confidential ISMP Medication Errors Reporting Program. He is also coeditor of the ISMP consumer website, chairperson of the International Medication Safety Network, and a consultant to the Food and Drug Administration. We spoke with him about patient safety in the community pharmacy, including challenges associated with production pressures and the importance of reporting concerns.
with commentary by Michelle A. Chui, PharmD, PhD, Safety in the Retail Pharmacy, October 2018
This piece reviews unique characteristics of community pharmacies that can affect medication safety and spotlights the need for further research examining medication errors in community settings.
Patient Engagement, September 2018
Professor Lawton is Director of the Yorkshire and Humber Patient Safety Translational Research Center, a Professor in the Psychology of Healthcare at the University of Leeds, and a health psychologist who conducts research on human factors and patient involvement in patient safety. We spoke with her about her experience with patient engagement and insights gleaned from her research.
Patient Engagement, September 2018
Dr. Bell is Director of Patient Safety and Discovery at OpenNotes, Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center, and Associate Professor of Medicine at Harvard Medical School. Her research focuses on transparency in health care delivery systems and partnering with patients to improve health care. We spoke with her about patient engagement and her experience with the OpenNotes project.
Update on Simulation, August 2018
Dr. Weinger is Director of the Center for Research and Innovation in Systems Safety and Professor of Anesthesiology, Biomedical Informatics, and Medical Education at Vanderbilt University. He holds the Norman Ty Smith Chair in Patient Safety and Medical Simulation. We spoke with him about the current state of simulation training in health care, barriers to progress, and potential innovations.
with commentary by Joseph O. Lopreiato, MD, MPH, Update on Simulation, August 2018
This piece explores health care simulation including the four main methods used and the evidence base for its impact on learning and patient care.
Improving Diagnosis, July 2018
Dr. Schiff is Associate Director of Brigham and Women's Center for Patient Safety Research and Practice, Associate Professor of Medicine at Harvard Medical School, and Quality and Safety Director for the Harvard Medical School Center for Primary Care. He was an invited expert and reviewer for the Improving Diagnosis in Health Care report of the National Academy of Medicine. We spoke with him about understanding and preventing diagnostic errors.
Improving Diagnosis, July 2018
Dr. Nundy is the Director of the Human Diagnosis Project, a nonprofit organization taking a unique crowdsourcing approach to improving medical diagnosis. He also practices primary care at a federally qualified health center for low-income and uninsured individuals in Washington, DC. We spoke with him about his work with the Human Diagnosis Project.
Point-of-Care Ultrasound: Safety and Utility, June 2018
Dr. Hoppmann is the Dorothea H. Krebs Endowed Chair of Ultrasound Education, Professor of Medicine, and Director of the Ultrasound Institute of the University of South Carolina School of Medicine. He founded and served as the first President of the Society of Ultrasound in Medical Education. We talked to him about safety and usability of point-of-care ultrasound.
with commentary by Chris Moore, MD, Point-of-Care Ultrasound: Safety and Utility, June 2018
This piece highlights how point-of-care ultrasound can improve and expedite diagnosis and advocates for having an individual responsible for overseeing point-of-care ultrasound use within a health care delivery organization.
A Decade After HITECH, May 2018
Dr. Blumenthal is President of the Commonwealth Fund and served as the National Coordinator for Health Information Technology from 2009-2011, during early implementation of the Health Information Technology for Economic and Clinical Health (HITECH) Act and the accompanying Meaningful Use program. We spoke with him about the HITECH Act and lessons learned in health care since it was enacted.
A Decade After HITECH, May 2018
Dr. Halamka is the International Healthcare Innovation Professor at Harvard Medical School, Chief Information Officer of Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center, and an emergency physician. He is widely known as one of the most thoughtful and provocative experts on the subject of health IT. We spoke with him about the HITECH Act and the consequences—anticipated and otherwise—of the digitization of health care.
Post-Hospital Syndrome, April 2018
Dr. Krumholz is Professor of Medicine at the University of Yale School of Medicine and Director of the Yale-New Haven Hospital Center for Outcomes Research and Evaluation. We spoke with him about readmissions and post-hospital syndrome, a term he coined in an article in the New England Journal of Medicine to describe the risk of adverse health events in recently hospitalized patients.
with commentary by Katherine Liang and Eric Alper, MD, Post-Hospital Syndrome, April 2018
This piece explores the risks patients face after hospital discharge and strategies to address them, such as patient education, Project RED, and the Care Transitions Intervention.
Nursing and Patient Safety, March 2018
Dr. Aiken is Claire M. Fagin Leadership Professor of Nursing, Professor of Sociology, and Director of the Center for Health Outcomes and Policy Research at University of Pennsylvania. She is generally considered the nation's foremost expert on health policy as it relates to the nursing workforce. We spoke with her about how nurse staffing and the work environment can affect patient safety and outcomes.
with commentary by Jane Ball, PhD, and Peter Griffiths, PhD, Nursing and Patient Safety, March 2018
This piece explores how missed nursing care may explain the association between low nurse staffing levels and increased mortality in hospital patients.
with commentary by Sumant Ranji, MD, 2017
A considerable body of evidence demonstrates worsened clinical outcomes for patients admitted to the hospital on weekends compared to those admitted on weekdays. This Annual Perspective summarizes innovative studies published in 2017 that helped clarify the magnitude of this effect and identify possible mechanisms by which it occurs.
with commentary by Rachel J. Stern, MD, and Urmimala Sarkar, MD, 2017
Patient engagement in safety has evolved from obscurity to maturity over the past two decades. This Annual Perspective highlights emerging approaches to engaging patients and caregivers in safety efforts, including novel technological innovations, and summarizes the existing evidence on the efficacy of such approaches.
Clinical Documentation in the Modern Era, January 2018
Dr. Hirschtick is Associate Professor of Medicine at Northwestern Medicine, and the author of a number of prominent articles—many quite amusing—about the changes in medical practice wrought by information technology. We spoke with him about what it means to be a clinician in the modern era, particularly how digitization of health records has affected clinicians' notes.
with commentary by Shannon M. Dean, MD, Clinical Documentation in the Modern Era, January 2018
This piece explores concerns regarding the use of copy and paste in electronic health records and offers potential strategies to improve clinical documentation accuracy.
Surgical Safety, December 2017
Dr. Bilimoria is the Director of the Surgical Outcomes and Quality Improvement Center of Northwestern University, which focuses on national, regional, and local quality improvement research and practical initiatives. He is also the Director of the Illinois Surgical Quality Improvement Collaborative and a Faculty Scholar at the American College of Surgeons. In the second part of a two-part interview (the earlier one concerned residency duty hours), we spoke with him about quality and safety in surgery.
with commentary by Robert M. Wachter, MD, Surgical Safety, December 2017
This piece explores progress of patient safety in the surgical field and where further improvement can be made, such as ongoing assessment of procedural skills along with video recording and review of surgical procedures.
Patient-facing Technologies: Opportunities and Challenges for Patient Safety, November 2017
Wanda Pratt is a professor in the Information School and an adjunct in Biomedical and Health Informatics in the School of Medicine at the University of Washington. We spoke with her about patient-facing technologies, including the opportunities and challenges for patient safety.
with commentary by Ronen Rozenblum, MD, MPH, and David Bates, MD, MS, Patient-facing Technologies: Opportunities and Challenges for Patient Safety, November 2017
This piece explores how patient-facing technologies can enable patients to be more responsible for their care and improve the way clinicians practice.
Presenteeism: A Patient Safety Challenge, October 2017
Dr. Starke is Professor of Pediatrics–Infectious Disease at Baylor College of Medicine and previously served as Infection Control Officer at Texas Children's Hospital. We spoke with him about "presenteeism" (coming to work while ill) in health care and its impact on provider and patient safety.
with commentary by Julia E. Szymczak, PhD, Presenteeism: A Patient Safety Challenge, October 2017
This piece explores the risks of presenteeism among health care workers and factors, such as cultural expectations, that contribute to its occurrence.
Health Information Technology and Safety, September 2017
Dr. Gettinger is the Chief Medical Information Officer and the Executive Director of the Office of Clinical Quality and Safety for the Office of the National Coordinator (ONC). He led the development of an electronic health record (EHR) system at Dartmouth and was the senior physician leader during their transition to a vendor-based EHR. We spoke with him about safety and health information technology.
with commentary by Dean F. Sittig, PhD, and Hardeep Singh, MD, MPH, Health Information Technology and Safety, September 2017
This piece highlights four key lessons that the authors believe are useful for clinicians and health care organizations that seek to identify, prevent, and mitigate electronic health record–related safety issues.
Resident Duty Hours Policy Changes, August 2017
Dr. Bilimoria is the Director of the Surgical Outcomes and Quality Improvement Center of Northwestern University. He is the principal investigator of the Flexibility in Duty Hour Requirements for Surgical Trainees (FIRST) trial and a Faculty Scholar at the American College of Surgeons. We spoke with him about the FIRST trial, which examined how less restrictive duty hours affected patient outcomes and resident satisfaction. Its results informed recent changes to duty hour policies.
with commentary by Kathy Malloy; Timothy P. Brigham, PhD; Thomas J. Nasca, MD, Resident Duty Hours Policy Changes, August 2017
This piece reviews how changes to the ACGME requirements emphasize patient safety and quality improvement, address physician well-being, strengthen expectations around team-based care, and create flexibility for work hours within the maximum 80-hour workweek.
Legal Issues and Patient Safety, July 2017
Michelle Mello is Professor of Law at Stanford Law School and Professor of Health Research and Policy at Stanford University School of Medicine. She conducts empirical research into issues at the intersection of law, ethics, and health policy. We spoke with her about legal issues in patient safety.
with commentary by David Studdert, LLB, ScD, Legal Issues and Patient Safety, July 2017
This piece explores the risk of recurring medicolegal events among providers who have received unsolicited patient complaints, faced disciplinary actions by medical boards, or accumulated malpractice claims.
The Weekend Effect, June 2017
Professor Aylin is Professor of Epidemiology and Public Health at Imperial College London. We spoke with him about the weekend effect in health care—the observation that patients admitted to the hospital over the weekend often have worse outcomes than those admitted during the week.
with commentary by Vanessa K. Martin, DO, MS; Nasim Mirnateghi, PhD; and Mahdi Khoshchehreh, MD, MS, The Weekend Effect, June 2017
This piece explores the weekend effect in cardiology and recommends allowing invasive management for patients with non ST-elevation myocardial infarction to improve outcomes in this group.
Opioids and Patient Safety, May 2017
Dr. Juurlink is professor of medicine, pediatrics, and health policy at the University of Toronto, where he is also director of the Division of Clinical Pharmacology and Toxicology. We spoke with him about the opioid epidemic and strategies to address this growing patient safety concern.
with commentary by Irene Berita Murimi, PhD, MA, and G. Caleb Alexander, MD, MS, Opioids and Patient Safety, May 2017
This piece explores the opioid epidemic in the United States, including factors that led to increased opioid prescribing, its adverse effects, and tactics to reduce opioid-related harm.
New Thinking About High Reliability, April 2017
Dr. Chassin is president and chief executive officer of The Joint Commission. He is also president of the Joint Commission Center for Transforming Healthcare, a center he began to promote high reliability and transformative practice. We spoke with him about new thinking in high reliability.
New Thinking About High Reliability, April 2017
Professor Sutcliffe is a Bloomberg Distinguished Professor of Business and Medicine at Johns Hopkins University. She studies organizational adaptability, reliability, resilience, and safety in health care. We spoke with her about high reliability in health care organizations.
Approaching Safety Culture in New Ways, March 2017
Dr. Dixon-Woods is RAND Professor of Health Services Research at Cambridge University, Deputy Editor-in-Chief of BMJ Quality and Safety, and one of the world's leading experts on the sociology of health care. We spoke with her about new ways to approach safety culture.
with commentary by Sara J. Singer, MBA, PhD, Approaching Safety Culture in New Ways, March 2017
This piece discusses the importance of strengthening safety culture in health care and offers insights for organizations seeking to achieve culture change.
with commentary by Sumant Ranji, MD, 2016
The toll of medical errors is often expressed in terms of mortality attributable to patient safety problems. In 2016, there was considerable debate regarding the number of patients who die due to medical errors. This Annual Perspective explores the methodological approaches to estimating mortality attributable to preventable adverse events and discusses the benefits and limitations of existing approaches.
Update on Teamwork, February 2017
Dr. Edmondson is the Novartis Professor of Leadership and Management at Harvard Business School. She is an expert on leadership, teams, and organizational learning. We spoke with her about the role of teamwork in health care and why it is becoming increasingly important.
with commentary by David P. Baker, PhD; James B. Battles, PhD; Heidi B. King, MS, Update on Teamwork, February 2017
This piece outlines 10 insights about team training in health care learned from experience with the AHRQ-supported teamwork training program, TeamSTEPPS.
Workplace Safety, January 2017
Mr. O'Neill served as the United States Secretary of the Treasury under President George W. Bush and, prior to that, chairman and CEO of Alcoa. We spoke with him about workplace safety and its relationship to patient safety and organizational excellence.
with commentary by Ross W. Simon and Elena G. Canacari, RN, Workplace Safety, January 2017
This piece explores how a team at Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center combined tools and techniques used in manufacturing along with continuous improvement to develop a process to identify, prioritize, and mitigate hazards in health care settings.
with commentary by Urmimala Sarkar, MD, and Kaveh Shojania, MD, 2016
Opioids are known to be high risk medications, and concerns about patient harm from prescription opioid misuse have been increasing in the United States. This Annual Perspective summarizes research published in 2016 that explored the extent of harm from their use, described problematic prescribing practices that likely contribute to adverse events, and demonstrated some promising practices to foster safer opioid use.