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Neely J, Sampath R, Kirkbride G, et al. J Correct Health Care. 2022;28:141-147.
Incarcerated individuals face unique patient safety threats. Based on a collaboration between the Illinois Department of Corrections and the University of Illinois College of Nursing, this article describes a plan for improving the quality and safety of healthcare for the state’s incarcerated population.  
Chang ET, Newberry S, Rubenstein LV, et al. JAMA Network Open. 2022;5:e2224938.
Patients with chronic or complex healthcare needs are at increased risk of adverse events such as rehospitalization. This paper describes the development of quality measures to assess the safety and quality of primary care for patients with complex care needs at high risk of hospitalization or death. The expert panel proposed three categories (assessment, management, features of healthcare), 15 domains, and 49 concepts.
Marsh KM, Turrentine FE, Knight K, et al. Ann Surg. 2022;275:1067-1073.
Having standardized definitions and classifications of errors allows researchers to better understand potential causes and interventions for improvement. This systematic review identified six broad error categories, 13 definitions of error, and 14 study methods in the surgical error literature. Development and use of a common definition and taxonomy of errors will provide a more accurate indication of the prevalence of surgical error rates.
Patrician PA, Bakerjian D, Billings R, et al. Nurs Outlook. 2022;Epub Jul 4.
Clinician well-being has important implications for patient safety and quality of healthcare delivery. In this study, researchers used a concept analysis to identify attributes of nurse well-being at the individual level (e.g., satisfaction, compassion) and organizational/community level (e.g., teamwork, pride in work). These findings can support the development of a standardized definition of nurse well-being to guide future research and policy considerations around well-being and burnout.
Zipperer L, Ryan R, Jones B. J Patient Saf Risk Manag. 2022;Epub Aug 2.
Implicit biases and stigma can negatively impact health care provided to patients with substance use disorders such as alcohol use disorder (AUD). This narrative review concluded that patients with AUD are frequently undiagnosed and not appropriately referred for treatment or treated. The authors cite barriers to effective care for patients with AUD, including poor integration and coordination between medical care and behavioral health care in the United States.

Feibel C. Consider This. National Public Radio. August 3, 2022. 

Maternal complications risk the health of both mothers and babies, and a variety of circumstances create challenges to this complex care process. This article describes delays in care for a pregnant patient due to legal and policy concerns that threatened the life of the mother.
McDade JE, Olszewski AE, Qu P, et al. Front Pediatr. 2022;10:872060.
Language barriers can place patients at increased risk for adverse events and near misses. This retrospective cohort study found that rapid response team events for non-English speaking pediatric patients are more likely to result in transfer to the intensive care unit compared to English-speaking patients. However, researchers also found that increased use of interpreters can contribute to improved outcomes.  

Clark C. MedPage Today. August 4. 

Consistent policy supporting transparency of hospital safety records is important for patients as they make provider choices. This article highlights a shift made to retain reporting requirements in the Hospital-Acquired Condition Reduction Program (HACRP) that had been threatened due to the influence of the COVID pandemic on data integrity.
Bail K, Gibson D, Acharya P, et al. Int J Med Inform. 2022;165:104824.
A range of health information technologies (e.g., computerized provider order entry) is used in patient care. This integrated review identified 95 papers on the impact of health information technology on the outcomes of residents in older adult care homes. Most papers focused on usability and implementation of technology and the perceptions of staff. Fewer focused on patient quality or safety outcomes.
Sabin JA. N Engl J Med. 2022;387:105-107.
Implicit bias in clinicians can result in diagnostic errors and poor patient outcomes. This commentary outlines steps that individual clinicians, as well as healthcare systems, can take to reduce implicit bias and the resulting harm to patients.
Ivanovic V, Assadsangabi R, Hacein-Bey L, et al. Clin Radiol. 2022;77:607-612.
Radiological interpretation errors can result in unnecessary additional tests, wrong treatment and delayed diagnosis. This study explored the correlation between neuroradiologists’ diagnostic errors and attendance at institutional tumor boards. Results show that higher attendance at tumor boards was strongly correlated with lower diagnostic error rates. The researchers recommend increased and continuous attendance at tumor boards for all neuroradiologists.
Packer MDC, Ravinsky E, Azordegan N. Am J Clin Pathol. 2022;157:767-773.
Studies have shown diagnostic discordance in evaluation of surgical pathology specimens. In this study, pathologists and pathology residents were asked to diagnose surgical pathology or cytopathology cases and provide a diagnosis. Most respondents provided the correct diagnosis for most of the cases; 35% of cases were wholly or partially misdiagnosed. Educational and process changes (e.g., requiring subspecialist over-read for some diagnoses) were implemented in the pathology department in response, resulting in substantial improvement in error rates.

US Senate Finance Committee. 117th Cong (2021-2022). August 3, 2022.

Organ transplantation processes require reliable communication and technical expertise to ensure safety for organ delivery and patient care. This hearing discussed the findings of a United States Senate investigation into waste and harm in the US organ transplant system. Blood-type mistakes, transport failures, and process challenges were amongst the problems discussed.
Berg SH, Rørtveit K, Walby FA, et al. BMC Health Serv Res. 2022;22:967.
Inpatient suicides are considered a never event. Based on patient and provider interviews and a literature review, this paper describes the development of resilience in inpatient psychiatric settings. The main theme is establishment of relationship of trust between patients and providers.
van Marum S, Verhoeven D, de Rooy D. J Patient Saf. 2022;Epub May 18.
Underutilization of error reporting systems may be due to a variety of factors, including a culture of fear or blame. This systematic review identified three types of factors influencing trust in error reporting – organizational factors (e.g., management style, focus on safety instead of punitive measures, leadership walk-rounds, established incident reporting systems), team factors (e.g., clearly defined team roles, relationships among teammates), and experience (e.g., knowledge of incident reporting systems, minimizing fear of shame or blame).
Lambert BL, Schiff GD. J Am Coll Clin Pharm. 2022;Epub Jul 2.
In the wake of the criminal conviction of a nurse involved in a medical error, numerous organizations and institutions have warned of the negative impact it could have on learning and error disclosure. This commentary presents strategies to reduce the risk of criminal prosecution for pharmacists, including education of prosecutors and expert witnesses and minimization of overrides and workarounds.
Ramsey L, McHugh SK, Simms-Ellis R, et al. J Patient Saf. 2022;Epub Aug 2.
Patients and families can contribute unique insights into medical errors. This qualitative evidence review concluded that patients and families value involvement in patient safety incident investigations but highlight the importance of addressing the emotional aspects of care (e.g., timely apology, prioritizing trust and transparency). Healthcare staff perceived patient and family involvement in investigations to be important, but cited several barriers (e.g., staff turnover, fears of litigation) to effective investigations.

Manojlovich M, Krein SL, Kronick SL, et al. Rockville, MD: Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality; August 2022. AHRQ Publication No. 22-0026-2-EF.

Nurses are increasingly discussed as diagnostic team members. The knowledge of the team as a unit, or distributed cognition, is considered as an asset to diagnosis that rests on relationships between nurses, physicians, and patients. This issue brief is part of a series on diagnostic safety.