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The PSNet Collection: All Content

The AHRQ PSNet Collection comprises an extensive selection of resources relevant to the patient safety community. These resources come in a variety of formats, including literature, research, tools, and Web sites. Resources are identified using the National Library of Medicine’s Medline database, various news and content aggregators, and the expertise of the AHRQ PSNet editorial and technical teams.

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Displaying 1 - 20 of 55 Results
McCarthy SE, Hogan C, Jenkins L, et al. BMJ Open Qual. 2023;12:e002270.
Debriefing after significant clinical events helps affected staff develop a shared mental model of what happened, why it happened, and how it can be prevented in the future. This paper describes development of training videos on after action reviews (AAR)s, a type of debriefing. The videos introduce AAR, show a simulated AAR debriefing, offer techniques for handing challenging situations within an AAR, and reflections on the benefits. The videos are available with the online version of the paper.
Jadwin DF, Fenderson PG, Friedman MT, et al. Jt Comm J Qual Patient Saf. 2023;49:42-52.
Blood transfusions errors can have serious consequences. In this retrospective study including 15 community hospitals, researchers identified high rates of unnecessary blood transfusions, primarily attributed to overreliance on laboratory transfusion criteria and failure to follow guidelines regarding blood management.
Xiao Y, Smith A, Abebe E, et al. J Patient Saf. 2022;18:e1174-e1180.
Older adults are particularly vulnerable to medication errors due to polypharmacy and medical complexities. In this qualitative study, healthcare professionals outlined several multifactorial hazards for medication-related harm during care transitions, including complex dosing, knowledge gaps, errors in discharge medications and gaps in access to care.
McInerney C, Benn J, Dowding D, et al. Stud Health Technol Inform. 2022;290:364-368.
Digital health tools are increasingly used across all areas of the healthcare system. In this study, researchers convened an interdisciplinary expert panel to identify patient safety concerns associated with emerging digital health technologies and to outline recommendations to address these concerns.
Bernstein SL, Catchpole K, Kelechi TJ, et al. Jt Comm J Qual Patient Saf. 2022;48:309-318.
Maternal morbidity and mortality continues to be a significant patient safety problem. This mixed-methods study identified system-level factors affecting registered nurses during care of people in labor experiencing clinical deterioration. Task overload, missing or inadequate tools and technology, and a crowded physical environment were all identified as performance obstacles. Improving nurse workload and involving nurses in the redesign of tools and technology could provide a meaningful way to reduce maternal morbidity.
Bernstein SL, Kelechi TJ, Catchpole K, et al. Worldviews Evid Based Nurs. 2021;18:352-360.
Failure to rescue, the delayed or missed recognition of a potentially fatal complication that results in the patient’s death, is particularly tragic in obstetric care. Using the Systems Engineering Initiative for Patient Safety (SEIPS) framework, the authors describe the work system, process, and outcomes related to failure to rescue, and develop intervention theories.
Pring ET, Malietzis G, Kendall SWH, et al. Int J Surg. 2021;91:105987.
This literature review summarizes approaches to crisis management used by non-healthcare institutions (e.g., private businesses, large military organizations) in response to the COVID-19 pandemic and how healthcare organizations – particularly the surgical community – can leverage these approaches in operational planning and crisis management.
Le Cornu E, Murray S, Brown EJ, et al. J Med Radiat Sci. 2021;68:356-363.
Use of health information technology (HIT) can improve care but also lead to unexpected patient harm. In this analysis of incidents and near misses in radiation oncology, a major change in the use of the electronic health record (EHR) led to an increase in reported incidents and near misses. Leaders and HIT professionals should be aware of potential issues and develop a plan to minimize risk prior to major departmental changed including EHR changes.
Wessels R, McCorkle LM. J Healthc Risk Manag. 2021;40:30-37.
The COVID-19 pandemic has disrupted healthcare delivery. This study reviewed data from a large medical professional liability company to explore guidance sought by physicians and dentists during the initial months of the pandemic. Providers’ questions and concerns primarily involved operations (e.g., access to personal protective equipment, liability coverage), patient care (e.g., guidance for screening patients), scope of practice, and use of telemedicine.    
Franzosa E, Gorbenko K, Brody AA, et al. J Am Geriatr Soc. 2021;69:300-306.
The COVID-19 pandemic has resulted in numerous challenges for delivering health care to medically complex patients. This qualitative study explored how home-based primary care practices (HBPCs, which deliver care to individuals lacking access to traditional primary care) provided patient care during the pandemic. Strategies included increased use of virtual care, communication tools such as daily huddles, and mental health services for patients experiencing depression and isolation.
Williams R, Jenkins DA, Ashcroft DM, et al. The Lancet Pub Health. 2020;5:e543-e550.
… care use and subsequent diagnoses among residents in a poor, urban area in the United Kingdom. Between March and … system diseases and type 2 diabetes.   … Williams  R, Jenkins DA, Ashcroft DM, et al. Diagnosis of physical and …
Ornstein C, Hixenbaugh M. ProPublica and NBC News. 2020;July 8.
COVID-19 has upended the care seeking behaviors of patients and the ability to measure the full impact of the disease. This news story reports that patients with COVID may be dying at home due to coronavirus fears which is affecting the reliability of local tracking efforts.    
Jenkins I, Sebasky M, Bell J, et al. Jt Comm J Qual Patient Saf. 2020;46:542-545.
This commentary describes one academic medical center’s approach to “medical distancing” to mitigate the risk of virus transmission for patients and healthcare workers, and the effects on both patient care and medical education.
Layne DM, Nemeth LS, Mueller M, et al. J Nurs Manag. 2019;27:154-160.
This pre–post study sought to examine whether a task force could reduce the risk of unprofessional behaviors at an acute care center. Certain types of negative behaviors declined, but the authors suggest that additional strategies are needed to enhance safety through professionalism.
Hixenbaugh M, Ornstein C. Houston Chronicle and Propublica. May 2018-May 2019.
This news investigation chronicles a series of incidents in a transplant program that resulted in patient harm. The systemic nature of the problems such as insufficient whistleblower protection, accountability, and follow-up on patient concerns culminated in a change of hospital leadership. A previous PSNet interview with Charles Ornstein discussed the role of media in raising awareness of patient safety issues.
Boullata JI, Carrera AL, Harvey L, et al. JPEN J Parenter Enteral Nutr. 2017;41:15-103.
Enteral nutrition is provided to patients in a variety of care settings, and errors in the enteral nutrition–use process may lead to safety hazards. Drawing from current evidence, these consensus guidelines recommend best practices to ensure safety of enteral nutrition, including a six-step standardized approach to administering eternal nutrition that involves independent double-checks and automation with forcing functions.