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The PSNet Collection: All Content

The AHRQ PSNet Collection comprises an extensive selection of resources relevant to the patient safety community. These resources come in a variety of formats, including literature, research, tools, and Web sites. Resources are identified using the National Library of Medicine’s Medline database, various news and content aggregators, and the expertise of the AHRQ PSNet editorial and technical teams.

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Displaying 1 - 20 of 148 Results
Kalfsvel L, Wilkes S, van der Kuy H, et al. Eur J Hosp Pharm. 2023;Epub Aug 31.
Even with the use of clinical decision support systems (CDSS), clinicians can still make medication prescribing errors. This study compared frequency, type, and severity of prescribing errors between junior doctors (i.e., those in training with less than 10 years’ work experience) and consultants (i.e., not in training with 10 or more years of work experience).  Overall prescribing errors were low, but junior doctors made more errors than consultants. They also made different types of errors, with junior doctors more likely to make drug-drug interaction errors and consultants making duplication therapy errors. There were no differences in severity of errors. Early education and training with computerized provider order entry (CPOE) and CDSS may reduce errors made by doctors in training.
Hose B-Z, Carayon P, Hoonakker PLT, et al. Appl Ergon. 2023;113:104105.
Health information technology (IT) usability continues to be a source of patient harm. This study describes the perspectives of a variety of pediatric trauma team members (e.g., pediatric emergency medicine attending, surgical technician, pediatric intensive care unit attending) on the usability of a potential team health IT care transition tool. Numerous barriers and facilitators were identified and varied across department and role.
Baimas-George MR, Ross SW, Yang H, et al. Ann Surg. 2023;278:e614-e619.
Hospital-acquired venous thromboembolism (VTE) remains a significant source of preventable patient harm. This study of 4,252 high-risk general surgery patients found that only one-third received care in compliance with VTE prophylaxis guidelines. Patients receiving guideline-compliant care experienced shorter lengths of stay (LOS), fewer blood transfusions, and decreased odds of having a VTE, emphasizing the importance of initiating VTE chemoprophylaxis in high-risk general surgery patients.
Koppel R, Kuziemsky C, Elkin PL, et al. Stud Health Technol Inform. 2023;304:21-25.
Health information technology (HIT) has improved many aspects of patient safety, but poor design can result in patient harm. This commentary describes how context influences vendor, organization, and user understanding of HIT-related errors and proposes system-level solutions, in particular a focus on user-centered design.
Guppy JH, Widlund H, Munro R, et al. BMJ Lead. 2023;Epub Jul 7.
Incivility hinders clinical performance, increases errors, and negatively impacts safety culture. This review examines recent literature on the effects of incivility in healthcare and strategies to address it. The article proposes ways to implement those strategies, with an emphasis on the UK National Health Service. The authors conclude that tackling incivility begins with highlighting the issue organizationally, regionally, and nationally; ensuring robust reporting and recognition strategies; and, devising mechanisms to confront incivility.
Goldman J, Rotteau L, Flintoft V, et al. BMJ Qual Saf. 2023;32:470-478.
Learning collaboratives within the Canadian Patient Safety Institute are working to implement the Measurement and Monitoring of Safety Framework (MMSF). This paper describes the collaboratives’ experiences with integrating MMSF into their organizations. Hospitals reported small scale success and described challenges with implementation when the Framework was not aligned with existing quality and safety processes.
Ross P, Hodgson CL, Ilic D, et al. Contemp Nurse. 2023;59:3-15.
Improved nurse staffing ratios and nursing skill mix have been linked to improved safety outcomes. This retrospective cohort study of over 13,000 patients admitted to a tertiary intensive care unit (ICU) in Australia between 2016 and 2020 found that a great concentration of critical care registered nurses (CCRNs) was associated with a lower risk of adverse events.
Jeffs L, Bruno F, Zeng RL, et al. Jt Comm J Qual Patient Saf. 2023;49:255-264.
Implementation science is the practice of applying research to healthcare policies and practices. This study explores the role of implementation science in the success of quality improvement projects. Inclusion of expert implementation specialists and coaches were identified as best practices for successful quality improvement and patient safety projects. COVID-19 presented challenges for some facilities, however, including halting previously successful projects.
Grenon V, Szymonifka J, Adler-Milstein J, et al. J Patient Saf. 2023;19:211-215.
Large malpractice claims databases are increasingly used as a proxy to assess the frequency and severity of diagnostic errors. More than 5,300 closed claims with at least one diagnostic error were analyzed. No singular factor was identified; instead multiple contributing factors were implicated along the diagnostic pathway.
Tan J, Ross JM, Wright D, et al. Jt Comm J Qual Patient Saf. 2023;49:265-273.
Wrong-site surgery is considered a never event and can lead to serious patient harm. This analysis of closed medical malpractice claims on wrong-site surgery between 2013 and 2020 concluded that the risk of wrong-site surgery increases with spinal surgeries (e.g., spinal fusion, excision of intervertebral discs). The primary contributing factors to wrong-site surgery was failure to follow policy or protocols (such as failure to follow the Universal Protocol) and failure to review medical records.
Ducey A, Donoso C, Ross S, et al. Sociol Health Illn. 2023;45:346-365.
Research has identified variations in treatment that are unlikely to be related to patient characteristics, such as region. In this study, surgeons describe their preferences for and experiences with a device which caused widespread harm to women and was ultimately recalled by several patient safety agencies: transvaginal mesh for the treatment of pelvic floor devices in women. Even when surgeons arrived at the same decision (to perform surgery or not), wide variations were observed during the decision-making process.
Kalfsvel L, Hoek K, Bethlehem C, et al. Br J Clin Pharmacol. 2022;88:5202-5217.
Medication errors are common, especially among medical trainees. This retrospective cohort study conducted at one medical center in the Netherlands identified a high rate of errors in prescriptions written by medical students (40% of all prescriptions). The most common type of error was inadequate information in the prescription – such as not indicating the dosage form or concentration, or missing usage instructions, or omitting the weight for a pediatric patient. Findings indicate that 29% of errors would not have been intercepted and resolved by an electronic prescribing system or pharmacist.
Angel M, Bechard L, Pua YH, et al. Age Ageing. 2022;51:afac225.
People taking medications at home may have difficulty opening packaging which can result in improper, dangerous storage practices. This review includes 12 studies where participants were observed opening a variety of medication packages (e.g., blister packs, child-resistant containers). While all studies reported participant difficulty, no consistent contributory factors were identified, and the methodological quality of all studies was typically low. Additional research is required to encourage improvement in medication packaging.
Baimas-George M, Ross SW, Hetherington T, et al. J Trauma Acute Care Surg. 2022;93:409-417.
Emergency surgery carries an increased risk of death compared to elective surgery. This study used a regional electronic health record (EHR) to examine clinical risk factors associated with mortality in emergency general surgery. Risk factors for both inpatient and 1-year mortality included older age, underweight, neutropenia, and elevated lactate.
Gupta K, Szymonifka J, Rivadeneira NA, et al. Jt Comm J Qual Patient Saf. 2022;48:492-496.
Analysis of closed malpractice claims can be used to identify potential safety hazards in a variety of clinical settings. This analysis of closed emergency department malpractice claims indicates that diagnostic errors dominate, and clinical judgment and documentation categories continue to be associated with a higher likelihood of payout. Subcategories and contributing factors are also discussed.
Wooldridge AR, Carayon P, Hoonakker PLT, et al. Hum Factors. 2022;Epub Jun 5.
Handoffs between inpatient care settings represent a vulnerable time for patients. This qualitative study explores how team cognition occurs during care transitions and interprofessional handoffs between inpatient settings and the influence of sociotechnical systems, such as communication workflows or electronic heath record-based interfaces) influence team cognition. Participants highlighted how interprofessional handoffs can both enhance (e.g., information exchange) and hinder (e.g., logistic challenges and imprecise communication) team cognition.
Rotteau L, Goldman J, Shojania KG, et al. BMJ Qual Saf. 2022;31:867-877.
Achieving high reliability is a goal for every healthcare organization. Based on interviews with hospital leadership, clinicians, and staff, this study explored how healthcare professionals understand and perceive high-reliability principles. Findings indicate that some principles are more supported than others and identified inconsistent understanding of principles across different types of healthcare professionals.
Massart N, Mansour A, Ross JT, et al. J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 2022;163:2131-2140.e3.
Surgical site infections and other postoperative healthcare-acquired infections (HAIs) can lead to significant patient morbidity and mortality. This retrospective study examined the relationship between HAIs after cardiac surgery and postoperative inpatient mortality. Among 8,853 patients undergoing cardiac surgery in one academic hospital in France, 4.2% developed an HAI after surgery. When patients developing an HAI were matched with patients who did not, the inpatient mortality rate was significantly greater among patients with HAIs (15.4% vs. 5.7%).
Wooldridge AR, Carayon P, Hoonakker PLT, et al. Appl Ergon. 2022;98:103606.
Care transitions can increase the risk of patient safety events. Using the Systems Engineering Initiative for Patient Safety (SEIPS) model, this study explored care transitions between operating rooms and inpatient critical care units and the importance of articulation work (i.e., preparation and follow-up activities related to transitions) to ensure safe transitions.
Sujan M, Bilbro N, Ross A, et al. Appl Ergon. 2022;98:103608.
Failure to rescue refers to delayed or missed recognition of a potentially fatal complication that results in a patient’s death. This single-center study sought to more effectively manage deteriorating patients after emergency surgery and reduce failure to rescue rates. Researchers used the functional resonance analysis method (FRAM) to develop recommendations for strengthening organizational resilience. Recommendations included improving team communication, organizational learning, and relationships.