The AHRQ PSNet Collection comprises an extensive selection of resources relevant to the patient safety community. These resources come in a variety of formats, including literature, research, tools, and Web sites. Resources are identified using the National Library of Medicine’s Medline database, various news and content aggregators, and the expertise of the AHRQ PSNet editorial and technical teams.
Dixon-Woods M, Aveling EL, Campbell A, et al. J Health Serv Res Policy. 2022;27:88-95.
… J Health Serv Res Policy … A key aspect of patient safety culture is the perception that … and senior leader participants, deciding to report a safety event (referred to as a “voiceable concern”) is influenced by four factors: …
Gleason KT, Commodore-Mensah Y, Wu AW, et al. Nurse Educ Today. 2021;104:104984.
Massive online open courses (MOOCs) have the ability to reach a broad audience of learners. The Science of Safety in Healthcare MOOC was delivered in 2013 and 2014. At completion of the course, participants reported increased confidence on all six measured domains (teamwork, communication, managing risk, human environment, recognizing and responding, and culture). At 6 months post-completion, the majority agreed the content was useful and positively influenced their clinical practice, demonstrating that MOOCs are an effective interprofessional learning format.
Maa T, Scherzer DJ, Harwayne-Gidansky I, et al. J Allergy Clin Immunol Pract. 2020;8:1239-1246.e3.
This simulation study involved 28 hospitals in 6 countries to characterize medication errors involving epinephrine administration for pediatric anaphylaxis. The study found that medication administration errors were common and identified latent safety threats (including related to the use of cognitive aids) at several institutions.
Hensley NB, Koch CG, Pronovost P, et al. Jt Comm J Qual Patient Saf. 2019;45:190-198.
Following a sentinel wrong-patient event, a multidisciplinary quality improvement team worked to enhance the safety of blood transfusion. The authors report significant improvement in protocol adherence following institution of barcoding and auditing via the electronic health record.
The patient safety community continues to struggle with implementation and sustainability of improvement programs. This commentary describes how one academic medical center used assessment tools to monitor, measure, and improve safety at the patient, provider, unit, and system levels in the organization.
Martin G, Aveling E-L, Campbell A, et al. BMJ Qual Saf. 2018;27:710-717.
… BMJ Qual Saf … BMJ Qual Saf … A work environment in which all team members feel comfortable speaking up about safety concerns is a key aspect of positive safety culture . Although formal … occurred especially if the concern was based on a general feeling that something might be wrong rather than …
Parshuram CS, Dryden-Palmer K, Farrell C, et al. JAMA. 2018;319:1002-1012.
Identifying incipient clinical deterioration is a prerequisite for rapid response and prevention of harm for hospitalized patients. This study tested a bedside pediatric early warning system, which included an illness severity score, standardized documentation, and monitoring protocols. In a cluster-randomized trial in several high-income countries, implementation of the bundle did not result in decreased in-hospital mortality compared to usual care. The overall mortality rate in the study was less than 0.2%. The authors suggest that this unexpectedly low mortality rate may have made it difficult to detect differences in intervention versus control hospitals. A related editorial suggests that artificial intelligence should be used to identify clinical deterioration and that outcomes beyond mortality should be considered in their evaluation.
Mathews SC, Pronovost P, Biddison LD, et al. Am J Med Qual. 2018;33:413-419.
Organizational infrastructure is important to ensure sustainability of safety improvements. This commentary describes how one academic medical center integrated structures, processes, and frameworks to build connections within the organization and throughout the community to facilitate success of improvement initiatives.
Basu L, Pronovost P, Molello NE, et al. Global Health. 2017;13:64.
The need to improve patient safety is an international concern. This commentary discusses the importance of partnership in reaching the overall goals of global patient safety and highlights experiences in Africa that demonstrate how high-income health care systems can learn from low-income hospitals.
Leslie M, Paradis E, Gropper MA, et al. Health Serv Res. 2017;52:1330-1348.
… of health IT use on relationships among clinicians over a year-long period across three academic intensive care … awareness, communication, and patient satisfaction. A previous PSNet perspective discussed some of the pitfalls …
Winner LE, Burroughs TJ, Cady-Reh JA, et al. Jt Comm J Qual Patient Saf. 2017;43:422-428.
… patient safety … Jt Comm J Qual Patient Saf … Utilizing a systems approach to improvement in health care is important … lasting success. This commentary discusses the use of a tool that blends strategy, project monitoring, and process …