The AHRQ PSNet Collection comprises an extensive selection of resources relevant to the patient safety community. These resources come in a variety of formats, including literature, research, tools, and Web sites. Resources are identified using the National Library of Medicine’s Medline database, various news and content aggregators, and the expertise of the AHRQ PSNet editorial and technical teams.
Marsh KM, Turrentine FE, Schenk WG, et al. Ann Surg. 2022;276:e347-e352.
The perioperative period represents a vulnerable time for patients. This retrospective review of patients undergoing surgery at one hospital over a one-year period concluded that medical errors (including, but not limited to, technical errors, diagnostic errors, system errors, and errors of omission) were strongly associated with postoperative morbidity.
Marsh KM, Turrentine FE, Knight K, et al. Ann Surg. 2022;275:1067-1073.
Having standardized definitions and classifications of errors allows researchers to better understand potential causes and interventions for improvement. This systematic review identified six broad error categories, 13 definitions of error, and 14 study methods in the surgical error literature. Development and use of a common definition and taxonomy of errors will provide a more accurate indication of the prevalence of surgical error rates.
Turrentine FE, Wang H, Young JS, et al. J Trauma. 2010;69:313-9.
This large study found that surgical procedures performed at night in an academic tertiary care hospital were not associated with increased complication risks, despite prior literature that has raised concern over the safety of care delivered at night.
Khuri SF, Henderson WG, Daley J, et al. Ann Surg. 2008;248:329-36.
The Patient Safety in Surgery study documented remarkable improvements in postoperative outcomes at Veterans Affairs hospitals following implementation of a quality improvement program. This study demonstrated similar improvement in clinical outcomes, including surgical site infection rates, following implementation of the program in private sector hospitals.